See also: λυῶ

Ancient Greek edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-European *lewh₁ (to cut off, separate, free), but *lh₁u- after Beekes. Cognates include Latin luō (expiate, pay), Sanskrit लून (lūna, sever, cut forth, destroy, annihilate), English loose and possibly Old Armenian լուծանեմ (lucanem) and Albanian lirë.

According to Beekes the stem vowel was originally short (λῠ-), to be lengthened only later in Attic (and sometimes in Homer; λῡ-) due to the influence of a laryngeal. The upsilon remains short () before temporal endings beginning with <κ, θ, μ> and at all paragoga (derivatives). But compounds' prosody, as for λῡ́ω.

Derivatives, from stems λῠσ-, λῠσῐ- (compounds with λῡσῐ-), λῠτ-.

Unrelated to κωλῡ́ω (kōlū́ō, prevent), ὄλλῡμῐ (óllūmi, destroy, lose) or λύσσᾰ (lússa, rage).

Pronunciation edit


Verb edit

λῡ́ω (lū́ō)

  1. to loose, loosen, untie
  2. to slacken
  3. to unbend
  4. to set free, release
  5. to redeem
  6. to dissolve, sever
  7. to break (up), destroy
  8. to abrogate, annul
  9. to atone, amend
  10. to profit, to be useful
  11. to discharge, fulfill, pay off

Inflection edit

Derived terms edit


Derivatives from λῡ́ω (and see their compounds):

Compounds with λῡ́ω (and see their Derived terms):

Descendants edit

  • English: lyo-, ly-
  • Greek: λύνω (lýno)
  • Greek: λύω (lýo)

See also edit

Further reading edit

Greek edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Ancient Greek λῡ́ω (lū́ō). Also see λύνω (lýno).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈli.o/
  • Hyphenation: λύ‧ω

Verb edit

λύω (lýo) (past έλυσα, passive λύομαι) (formal)

  1. to terminate, adjourn, end (especially in passive form)
    λύεται η συνεδρίασηlýetai i synedríasi(especially of court) the session is adjourned
    λύεται η σύμβασηlýetai i sýmvasithe contract is terminated
  2. to dismantle, disassemblesee participle λυόμενος

Conjugation edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Compounds of the ancient λύω (and see their Derivatives):