See also: λυῶ

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *lewh₁- (to cut off, separate, free), but *lh₁u- after Beekes. Cognates include Latin luō (expiate, pay), Sanskrit लून (lunā́ti, sever, cut forth, destroy, annihilate), English loose and possibly Old Armenian լուծանեմ (lucanem) and Albanian lirë.

According to Beekes the stem vowel was originally short (λῠ-), to be lengthened only later in Attic (and sometimes in Homer; λῡ-) due to the influence of a laryngeal. The upsilon remains short () before temporal endings beginning with <κ, θ, μ> and at all paragoga (derivatives). But compounds' prosody, as for λῡ́ω.

Derivatives, from stems λῠσ-, λῠσῐ- (compounds with λῡσῐ-), λῠτ-.

Unrelated to κωλῡ́ω (kōlū́ō, prevent), ὄλλῡμῐ (óllūmi, destroy, lose) or λύσσᾰ (lússa, rage).

PronunciationEdit

 

VerbEdit

λῡ́ω (lū́ō)

  1. I loose, loosen, untie
  2. slacken
  3. unbend
  4. set free, release
  5. redeem
  6. dissolve, sever
  7. break (up), destroy
  8. abrogate, annul
  9. atone, amend
  10. profit, I am useful
  11. first-person singular present active indicative/subjunctive of λῡ́ω (lū́ō)

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Derivatives from λῡ́ω (and see their compounds):

Compounds with λῡ́ω (and see their Derived terms):

DescendantsEdit

  • English: lyo-, ly-
  • Greek: λύνω (lýno), λύω

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned, from Ancient Greek λῡ́ω (lū́ō). Also see λύνω (lýno).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈli.o/
  • Hyphenation: λύ‧ω

VerbEdit

λύω (lýo) (past έλυσα, passive λύομαι) (formal)

  1. terminate, adjourn, end (especially in passive form)
    λύεται η συνεδρίασηlýetai i synedríasi(especially of court) the session is adjourned
    λύεται η σύμβασηlýetai i sýmvasithe contract is terminated
  2. dismantled, disassemblesee participle λυόμενος
  3. see imperative λύσατε

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Compounds of the ancient λύω (and see their Derivatives):