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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *melh₂-. The feminine -αινα (-aina) originates from *-ih₂; see -ια (-ia) Cognates include Sanskrit मल (mala, dirt, filth, dust), Latvian melns, Old Prussian melne and Lithuanian mėlynas (which changed the meaning to "blue").

PronunciationEdit

 

AdjectiveEdit

μέλᾱς (mélāsm (feminine μέλαινᾰ, neuter μέλᾰν); first/third declension

  1. dark in color; sometimes so dark as to lack color, black
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 5.262:
      ἐν δέ οἱ ἀσκὸν ἔθηκε θεᾱ̀ μέλανος (ϝ)οἴνοιο
      en dé hoi askòn éthēke theā̀ mélanos (w)oínoio
      On [the raft] the goddess put a skin of dark wine.
  2. (figuratively) evil, black, dark
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 2.834:
      τὼ δέ οἱ οὔ τι πειθέσθην· κῆρες γὰρ ἄγον μέλανος θανάτοιο
      tṑ dé hoi oú ti peithésthēn; kêres gàr ágon mélanos thanátoio
      But the two did not listen at all, for the fates of black death were leading them on.
  3. (figuratively) dark, obscure
  4. (of the voice) indistinct
  5. (medicine) causing black secretions

InflectionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: mela-

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit