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Ancient GreekEdit



Traditionally explained as either formed from a nominal construction parallel to μακρός (makrós), μῆκος (mêkos) + suffix -δόν- (-dón-) which is typical for appellations, animal names and nomina actionis[1] and may be zero vocalism of -δόνος (-dónos), -δών- (-dṓn-).[2] It can also be perceived as an arrangement of μηκεδανός (mēkedanós, long), in its turn derivation of μῆκος (mêkos).[2] Hesychius records μακεδνή (fem) as 'long, tall'[3].

Beekes suggests a Pre-Greek non-Indo-European origin,[4] however de Decker argues the arguments are insufficient.[5]




μᾰκεδνός (makednósm (feminine μᾰκεδνή, neuter μᾰκεδνόν); first/second declension

  1. tall, taper
    • 8th century BC, Ὅμηρος, Ὀδύσσεια, 7.106
      αἱ δ' ἱστοὺς ὑφόωσι καὶ ἠλάκατα στρωφῶσιν ἥμεναι, οἱά τε φύλλα μακεδνῆς αἰγείροιο·
      and they sat, looking down on looms and turning wool; moving like leaves of a tall poplar.



  1. ^ Frisk, Hjalmar (1970), “μακεδνός”, in Griechisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter, page 163:
    μακε-δν-ός (...) ein suffixales -δόν- ist in Tiernamen, sonstigen Appellativen, sowie in Nom. actionis u. a. zu Hause. Als Grundlage dürfte eine mit μακ-ρός, μῆ-κος parallel gehende nominale Bildung gedient haben.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Chantraine, Pierre (1968–1980), “μακεδνός”, in Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue grecque (in French), Paris: Klincksieck, pages 659–660:
    -δν-o peut représenter un vocalisme zéro d'un suffix -δών-, -δόνος... Dérivés tardifs et rares: μηκεδανός « long » (AP, Nonnus), arrangement de μακεδνός.
  3. ^ Hesychius of Alexandria, Glossae
  4. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  5. ^

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