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Ancient GreekEdit


From ὅς (hós, relative pronoun) +‎ -ιος (-ios, adjectival suffix).




οἷος (hoîos) (feminine οἵᾱ, neuter οἷον)

  1. relative adjective of quality such as; what sort, manner, kind of
    1. introducing an exclamation
      1. (in an independent clause) what a (great, terrible) ...!
      2. (in a subordinate clause) the (great, terrible) sort that
    2. containing a comparison, and sometimes an inference
      1. in many Homeric expressions the omission of the antecedent clause is to be noticed
      2. especially in Attic often stands for ὅτι τοῖος, τοία, τοῖον, so that the relative introduces the reason for the preceding statement
      3. if it is to be intimated that the reason is self-evident, and the assertion is beyond doubt, then δή is added
      4. but if the comparison or inference only denotes a general or doubtful resemblance, then Homer uses οἷός τε
      5. when a comparison involves a definition of time οἷος ὅτε is used
      6. many brief Attic expressions are also explained by the omission of the demonstrative pronoun before οἷος
      7. never used like the adverb οἷον with a positive adjective
    3. οἷος with an infinitive implies fitness or ability in or for a thing
      1. but this sense is commonly expressed by οἷος τε
      2. (without infinitive)
    4. the relative is in Attic often repeated in the same clause


Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


  • οἷος in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • οἷος in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • οἷος in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • οἷος in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • οἷος in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • kind idem, page 469.
    • sort idem, page 795.
    • such idem, page 834.