Ancient Greek

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Unknown. In the absence of an explanation, Beekes prefers a Pre-Greek borrowing.[1] Not related to Hindi पत्थर (patthar, stone)

Pronunciation

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Noun

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πέτρᾱ (pétrāf (genitive πέτρᾱς); first declension

  1. rock formation: cliff, ledge, cave, ridge
  2. stone (as a building material)

Inflection

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Greek: πέτρα (pétra)
  • Mariupol Greek: пе́тра (pjétra)
  • Latin: petra (see there for further descendants)

References

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  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) “πέτρᾱ”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1182

Further reading

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Greek

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Etymology

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From Ancient Greek πέτρα (pétra).

Cognate with Mariupol Greek пе́тра (pjétra).

Noun

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πέτρα (pétraf (plural πέτρες)

  1. rock, stone (mass or fragments)
  2. (figuratively) rock (something hard and stable)
  3. (nautical) rock (rocky hazard)

Declension

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Synonyms

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Further reading

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