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Ancient GreekEdit


From Proto-Hellenic *patḗr (compare Mycenaean Greek 𐀞𐀳 (pa-te)), from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr. Cognates include Old English fæder (English father), Phrygian πατερης (pateres), Latin pater, Sanskrit पितृ (pitṛ), and Old Armenian հայր (hayr).




πᾰτήρ (patḗrm (genitive πᾰτρός or πᾰτέρος); third declension

  1. father
    1. epithet of Zeus
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 1.544
        Τὴν δ' ἠμείβετ' ἔπειτα πατὴρ ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε·
        Tḕn d' ēmeíbet' épeita patḕr andrôn te theôn te;
        Then the father of men and gods answered her:
    2. respectful address of an older man
    3. (figuratively) author
    4. (in the plural) forefathers, ancestors


Derived termsEdit



  • πᾰτήρ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • πατήρ in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • πατήρ in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • πατήρ in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • πατήρ in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • G3962”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
  • BDAG



Ancient Greek πᾰτήρ (patḗr)


  • IPA(key): [paˈtir]
  • Hyphenation: πα‧τήρ


πατήρ (patírm

  1. (religion) God the Father
  2. (literary) father (form of address for monk or priest)
  3. Katharevousa form of πατέρας (patéras), father