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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Hellenic *patḗr (compare Mycenaean Greek 𐀞𐀳 (pa-te)), from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr. Cognates include Old English fæder (English father), Phrygian πατερης (pateres), Latin pater, Sanskrit पितृ (pitṛ), and Old Armenian հայր (hayr).

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /pa.tɛ̌ːr/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /paˈter/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /paˈtir/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /paˈtir/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /paˈtir/
  • NounEdit

    πᾰτήρ (patḗrm (genitive πᾰτρός or πᾰτέρος); third declension

    1. father
      1. epithet of Zeus
        • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 1.544
          Τὴν δ' ἠμείβετ' ἔπειτα πατὴρ ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε·
          Tḕn d' ēmeíbet' épeita patḕr andrôn te theôn te;
          Then the father of men and gods answered her:
      2. respectful address of an older man
      3. (figuratively) author
      4. (in the plural) forefathers, ancestors

    DeclensionEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Further readingEdit


    GreekEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Ancient Greek πᾰτήρ (patḗr)

    PronunciationEdit

    • IPA(key): [paˈtir]
    • Hyphenation: πα‧τήρ

    NounEdit

    πατήρ (patírm

    1. (religion) God the Father
    2. (literary) father (form of address for monk or priest)
    3. Katharevousa form of πατέρας (patéras), father