Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: σαρξ


Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


Originally meaning a piece of meat, it derives from Proto-Indo-European *twerḱ- (to cut).


  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /sárks/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /sarks/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /sarks/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /sarks/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /sarks/
  • NounEdit

    σάρξ (sárxf (genitive σαρκός); third declension

    1. The material which covers the bones of a creature; flesh
    2. body
    3. the edible flesh of a fruit
    4. The seat of animalistic, immoral desires and thoughts, such as lust
    5. (Christianity) The physical or natural order, which is opposed to the spiritual

    Usage notesEdit

    Homer uses σάρξ almost entirely in the plural, with the singular usage specifying a specific part of the body. Later writers use the singular without this distinction.


    Derived termsEdit