στρυφνός

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

No convincing etymology. Clearly reminiscent of στύφω (stúphō, to astringe). Perhaps it derives from the same root, influenced by στριφνός (striphnós, firm, hard, solid) or στρηνής (strēnḗs, hard, harsh). The comparison with Proto-West Germanic *strūb (stiff, rough, bristly), Lithuanian strùbas (cut short, curtailed) and Proto-Slavic *strupъ (scab, crust of a wound) is not semantically compelling and therefore uncertain.

PronunciationEdit

 

AdjectiveEdit

στρῠφνός (struphnósm (feminine στρῠφνή, neuter στρῠφνόν); first/second declension

  1. sour, bitter, harsh, astringent
    Synonym: στυφελός (stuphelós)
  2. (figurative) harsh, severe, austere

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit