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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Hellenic *pʰáos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰéh₂os, from *bʰeh₂- (shine). Compare φαεινός (phaeinós), φάω (pháō), and φαίνω (phaínō). Cognates include Latin iubar (radiance, light); Sanskrit भास् (bhās, light, brilliance) and भास (bhāsa, luster, light); and Old English basu (purple).




φάος (pháosn (genitive φᾰ́εος); third declension

  1. light, especially daylight
      1. (poetic) the life of men
      2. of the light or time of day
      3. a day
    1. the light of a torch, fire, a light
    2. the light of the eyes
    3. a window
  2. light as a metaphor for delight, deliverance, happiness, victory, glory, etc.
  3. the dark ring around the nipple, areola



  • φάος in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • φάος in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • φάος in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • φάος in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • φάος in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • φάος in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.