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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Hellenic *pʰéugō, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewg-. Related to φυγή (phugḗ, verbal noun) and Latin fugiō.

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /pʰeú̯.ɡɔː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈpʰew.ɡo/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈɸeβ.ɣo/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈfev.ɣo/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈfev.ɣo/
  • VerbEdit

    φεύγω (pheúgō)

    1. (intransitive) to flee, run off, go a certain direction with haste (often with prepositions)
    2. (transitive) to flee, escape, avoid, get away from (danger or trouble)
    3. (transitive or intransitive) to leave the country, go into exile
      1. (intransitive) to be exiled, banished, driven out of the country [+ ὑπό (genitive) = by someone]
      2. (intransitive, present and imperfect) to be in exile, live in banishment
    4. (perfect) to have escaped, be safe from
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.11–12
        ἔνθ’ ἄλλοι μὲν πάντες, ὅσοι φύγον αἰπὺν ὄλεθρον
        οἴκοι ἔσαν, πόλεμόν τε πεφευγότες ἠδὲ θάλασσαν·
        énth’ álloi mèn pántes, hósoi phúgon aipùn ólethron
        oíkoi ésan, pólemón te pepheugótes ēdè thálassan;
        At that time, all the others that had fled sheer destruction
        were at home, having escaped war and the sea.
    5. (law, chiefly present and imperfect) to be accused of a crime; often with δίκην (díkēn) and genitive of the crime

    Usage notesEdit

    The present and imperfect often have a conative reading: to try to get away, intend to leave.

    InflectionEdit

    Future active only appears in Koine Greek, in the form ἐκφεύξω (ekpheúxō).

    AntonymsEdit

    • (to flee, be accused): διώκω (diṓkō, to pursue, accuse)

    Derived termsEdit

    Related termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    φεύγω in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press


    GreekEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Ancient Greek φεύγω (pheúgō), from Proto-Hellenic *pʰéugō, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewg-. Has been displaced by δραπετεύω (drapetévo) in the Ancient Greek sense of "to flee".

    VerbEdit

    φεύγω (févgo) (simple past έφυγα)

    1. (transitive, intransitive) leave, depart, go
      πότε φεύγει;póte févgei?when does it leave?
      Το πλοίο φεύγει από τον Πειραιά.To ploío févgei apó ton Peiraiá.The boat leaves from Piraeus.

    ConjugationEdit

    SynonymsEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    Further readingEdit

    • φεύγω in Triantafyllides, Hidryma (1998) Λεξικό της κοινής νεοελληνικής [Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek]