береза

See also: берёза

Old East SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *berza, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *berźas, *berźā, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerHǵs, *bʰerHǵeh₂.

Doublet of брѣза (brěza), a borrowing from Old Church Slavonic.

NounEdit

береза (berezaf

  1. birch

DescendantsEdit

  • Belarusian: бяро́за (bjaróza)
  • Russian: берёза (berjóza)
  • Ukrainian: бере́за (beréza)

ReferencesEdit

  • Sreznevskij, I. I. (1893) , “береза”, in Materialy dlja slovarja drevne-russkago jazyka po pisʹmennym pamjatnikam [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old Russian Language According to Written Monuments] (in Russian), volume 1, Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 69

RussianEdit

NounEdit

береза (berjózaf inan

  1. Alternative spelling of берёза (berjóza)

UkrainianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): [beˈrɛzɐ]

Etymology 1Edit

From Old East Slavic береза (bereza), from Proto-Slavic *berza. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerHǵos.

NounEdit

бере́за (berézaf inan (genitive бере́зи, nominative plural бере́зи, genitive plural бері́з)

  1. birch (tree)
  2. a hard wood taken from the birch tree
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From older form березий (berezyj, striped, white with black), which is related to Bulgarian бряз (brjaz). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerHǵ-.

NounEdit

бере́за (berézam pers (genitive бере́зи, nominative plural бере́зи, genitive plural бере́з)

  1. (obsolete) leader at any activities (parties, choir, caroling etc.)
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Melʹnyčuk O. S., editor (1982) , “береза”, in Etymolohičnyj slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), volume I, Kyjiv: Naukova Dumka, page 171
  • береза in Bilodid, I. K., editor (1970–1980) Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy, Kiev: Naukova Dumka