See also: берёза

Old East Slavic

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Etymology

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From Proto-Slavic *bèrza. Cognates include Old Church Slavonic брѣза (brěza) and Old Polish brzoza.

Doublet of брѣза (brěza), a borrowing from Old Church Slavonic.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /bɛˈrɛzɑ//bʲɛˈrʲɛza//bʲɛˈrʲɛza/
  • (ca. 9th CE) IPA(key): /bɛˈrɛzɑ/
  • (ca. 11th CE) IPA(key): /bʲɛˈrʲɛza/
  • (ca. 13th CE) IPA(key): /bʲɛˈrʲɛza/
  • Hyphenation: бе‧ре‧за

Noun

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береза (berezaf

  1. birch

Declension

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Descendants

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References

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  • Sreznevsky, Izmail I. (1893) “береза”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language Based on Written Monuments]‎[1] (in Russian), volumes 1 (А – К), Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, column 69

Old Ruthenian

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бере́за

Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old East Slavic береза (bereza), from Proto-Slavic *bèrza, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *bérˀźāˀ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerHǵeh₂, from *bʰerHǵ-.[1][2][3][4][5] Cognate with Russian берёза (berjóza).

Noun

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береза (berezaf (related adjective бере́зовый, diminutive бере́зка)

  1. birch (tree)

Derived terms

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Descendants

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References

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  1. ^ Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1974), “*berza”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), numbers 1 (*a – *besědьlivъ), Moscow: Nauka, page 201:ст.-укр. березаst.-ukr. bereza
  2. ^ Melnychuk, O. S., editor (1982), “бере́за”, in Етимологічний словник української мови [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), volume 1 (А – Г), Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, page 171:1
  3. ^ Rudnyc'kyj, Ja. (1962–1972) “бере́за”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language, volumes 1 (А – Ґ), Winnipeg: Ukrainian Free Academy of Sciences, →LCCN, page 109:MUk. березя collect. (XVII c.), берези Gsg. (XVIII c.)
  4. ^ The template Template:R:be:ESBM does not use the parameter(s):
    url=biaroza
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    Martynaŭ, V. U., editor (1978), “бяро́за”, in Этымалагічны слоўнік беларускай мовы [Etymological Dictionary of the Belarusian Language] (in Belarusian), volumes 1 (А – бячэ́йка), Minsk: Navuka i technika, page 439
  5. ^ Anikin, A. E. (2009) “берёза I”, in Русский этимологический словарь [Russian Etymological Dictionary] (in Russian), numbers 3 (бе – болдыхать), Moscow: Manuscript Monuments Ancient Rus, →ISBN, page 114

Further reading

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  • Tymchenko, E. K., editor (1930), “береза”, in Історичний словник українського язика [Historical Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), volume 1, number 1 (А – Г), Kharkiv, Kyiv: State Publishing House of Ukraine, page 84
  • Hrynchyshyn, D. H., editor (1977), “*береза¹”, in Словник староукраїнської мови XIV–XV ст. [Dictionary of the Old Ukrainian Language of the 14ᵗʰ–15ᵗʰ cc.] (in Ukrainian), volume 1 (А – М), Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, page 93
  • The template Template:R:zle-obe:HSBM does not use the parameter(s):
    url=bereza
    Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.
    Zhurawski, A. I., editor (1982), “береза, бероза”, in Гістарычны слоўнік беларускай мовы [Historical Dictionary of the Belarusian Language] (in Belarusian), numbers 1 (а – биенье), Minsk: Navuka i tekhnika, page 278
  • Hrynchyshyn, D. H., editor (1994), “береза”, in Словник української мови XVI – 1-ї пол. XVII ст. [Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language of 16ᵗʰ – 1ˢᵗ half of 17ᵗʰ c.] (in Ukrainian), numbers 2 (б – богуславецъ), Lviv: KIUS, →ISBN, page 75

Russian

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Noun

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береза (berjózaf inan

  1. Alternative spelling of берёза (berjóza)

Ukrainian

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Pronunciation

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  • Audio:(file)
  • IPA(key): [beˈrɛzɐ]

Etymology 1

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From Old Ukrainian береза (bereza), from Old East Slavic береза (bereza), from Proto-Slavic *berza, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *berźas, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerHǵos.

Noun

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бере́за (berézaf inan (genitive бере́зи, nominative plural бере́зи, genitive plural бері́з)

  1. birch (tree)
  2. a hard wood taken from the birch tree
Declension
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Etymology 2

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From older form *березий (*berezyj, striped, white with black), from Proto-Slavic *berzъ, which is related to Bulgarian бряз (brjaz). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerHǵ-.

Noun

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бере́за (berézam pers (genitive бере́зи, nominative plural бере́зи, genitive plural бере́з)

  1. (obsolete) leader at any activities (parties, choir, caroling etc.)
Declension
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Further reading

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