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RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic вꙑ- (vy-), from Proto-Slavic *vy- (out), from Proto-Indo-European *(H)ud (Derksen) or *ūd- : *ūt- (Černyx). In Slavic, the final consonant was dropped.

Cognates include English out, German aus (out).

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

вы́- (vý-) (this prefix almost invariably bears the stress in perfective verbs, but not in imperfective verbs)

  1. (used with verbs) out, out from (describing an action of moving outside from inside)
    вы́- (vý-) + ‎-йти́ (-jtí, to go) → ‎вы́йти (výjti, to go out)
  2. (used with verbs) completion or fulfillment
    вы́- (vý-) + ‎кури́ть (kurítʹ, to smoke) → ‎вы́курить (výkuritʹ, to smoke to the end)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “вы-”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “вы-”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 173