держава

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Old East Slavic дьржава (dĭržava) [1344], from Proto-Slavic *dьržava. Cognates include Ukrainian держа́ва (deržáva, strength; estate; state (government), power), Belarusian дзяржа́ва (dzjaržáva, state (government)), Old Church Slavonic дрьжава (drĭžava), дръжава (drŭžava), Bulgarian държа́ва (dǎržáva, state (government)), Macedonian држава (država, state (government)), Serbo-Croatian др̀жава (possession; state (government)), Slovene držȃva (composition, content; state, power; possession) (tonal orthography), Czech država (possession; power, state), Slovak dŕžava (state, power), Polish dzierżawa (lease; (archaic) possession).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [dʲɪrˈʐavə]
  • (file)

NounEdit

держа́ва (deržávaf inan (genitive держа́вы, nominative plural держа́вы, genitive plural держа́в, related adjective держа́вный)

  1. state, power (a powerful country)
    Synonyms: страна́ (straná), госуда́рство (gosudárstvo), ца́рство (cárstvo), импе́рия (impérija)
  2. globus cruciger, orb (a globe with a cross used as a symbol of royal power)

DeclensionEdit


UkrainianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Old East Slavic дьржава (dĭržava), from Proto-Slavic *dьržava.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

держа́ва (deržávaf inan (genitive держа́ви, nominative plural держа́ви, genitive plural держа́в, related adjective держа́вний)

  1. state, country, nation

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit