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See also: из

Contents

RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • изо- (izo-) (before certain consonant clusters)
  • ис- (is-) (before voiceless consonants)

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *jьz-; see *jьz for further information.

PronunciationEdit

  • из-: IPA(key): [ɪz]
  • и́з-: IPA(key): [ˈiz] (when stressed)

PrefixEdit

из- (iz-)

  1. out from
    изо- (izo-) + ‎-йти́ (-jtí, to go) → ‎изойти́ (izojtí, to emanate, to originate, to come from)
  2. When added to a verb, it may form a verb with a sense of completeness, abundance or exhaustion.
    из- (iz-) + ‎укра́сить (ukrásitʹ, to decorate) → ‎изукра́сить (izukrásitʹ, lavishly decorate)
  3. When added to a verb, it may form a verb with a sense of destruction, ruined due to use.
    ис- (is-) + ‎писа́ть (pisátʹ, to write) → ‎исписа́ть (ispisátʹ, write upon, cover with notes, write over)
  4. When added to nouns, especially when they have the suffix -ье, it indicates location of an object.
    из- (iz-) + ‎голова́ (golová, head) + ‎-ье (-ʹje) → ‎изголо́вье (izgolóvʹje, head of the bed)
  5. When added to adjectives for colours, an adverb is formed indicating nuance.
    из- (iz-) + ‎жёлтый (žóltyj, yellow) + ‎бу́рый (búryj, brown) → ‎и́зжелта-бу́рый (ízželta-búryj, yellowish-brown)
  6. When added to nouns, it may form an adverb indicating spatial or temporal properties. Usually in archaic or highly formal style.
    из- (iz-) + ‎даль (dalʹ, distance) + ‎ (-i, genitive singular) → ‎и́здали (ízdali, from afar)
  7. When added to adverbs, it can form an adverb with a sense of direction for an action.
    из- (iz-) + ‎внутри́ (vnutrí, interior, inside) → ‎изнутри́ (iznutrí, from within, from inside)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

PrefixEdit

из- (Latin spelling iz-)

  1. out-
  2. out of
  3. out from