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RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain. Cognate with Ukrainian кукуру́(д)з (kukurú(d)z), кукуру́(д)за (kukurú(d)za), Bulgarian кукуру́з (kukurúz), кукума́ра (kukumára), кукура́тка (kukurátka), Serbo-Croatian куку̀руз, Slovene kukuruza, kukorica, koruza, Polish kukurudza, kukurydza. German Kukuruz was borrowed from Serbo-Croatian, but the West Slavic terms have in turn been considered borrowings from German.

The suggestion of a Slavic origin and a relationship to Serbo-Croatian kukurek (hellebore) and Bulgarian кукуря́к (kukurják, hellebore), Slovene kukurjav, kukurjast (curled) does not explain the word-form difficulties (-dz-). Compare Bulgarian момору́з (momorúz), моморо́з (momoróz, corn, maize), мамалига (mamaliga, hominy).

If the source were Romanian cucuruz, it should have originally had the meaning of "pine cones".

A noteworthy hypothesis for the source of "kukuru" is a word used for calling poultry for their feeding (with corn/maize).

The explanation that the term is a loanword from Ottoman Turkish قوقوروز(kokoroz), ultimately from Albanian kokërrëz, from kokërr,[1] remains frequently cited, but derivation from Turkic kokoros (corn, maize) was refuted by F. Miklošič and F. E. Korsch.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

кукуру́за (kukurúzaf inan (genitive кукуру́зы, nominative plural кукуру́зы, genitive plural кукуру́з)

  1. corn, maize, Indian corn

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Kildin Sami: кукуруза (kukuruza)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kukurǔːza/
  • Hyphenation: ку‧ку‧ру‧за

NounEdit

кукуру́за f (Latin spelling kukurúza)

  1. cornbread

DeclensionEdit