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BelarusianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably from Turkic.

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

кула́к (kulákm inanimate

  1. fist (clenched hand)

DeclensionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

ReferencesEdit


RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably from Turkic, with the same meaning, from *kul (hand). Compare Bashkir ҡул (qul, arm, hand), Tatar кул (qul, arm, hand) and Turkish kol (arm). The sense of “wealthy farmer” is from the expression держа́ть в кулаке́ (deržátʹ v kulaké, to keep in dependence) or developed figuratively as “fist” -> “tightfisted person”.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [kʊˈlak]
  • (file)

NounEdit

кула́к (kulákm inan or m anim (genitive кулака́, nominative plural кулаки́, genitive plural кулако́в)

  1. fist
  2. (military) concentrated force
  3. (historical, usually derogatory) kulak (a prosperous peasant in the Russian Empire or the Soviet Union, who owned land and could hire workers)
  4. (mechanical) cam

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


UkrainianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

кула́к (kulákm inan or m anim (genitive кулака́, nominative plural кулаки́)

  1. fist
  2. cog
  3. (historical, usually derogatory) kulak (a prosperous peasant in the Russian Empire or the Soviet Union, who owned land and could hire workers)

DeclensionEdit

fist, cog:

kulak:

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit