AdygheEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

он (on) (??? please indicate transitivity!)

  1. to hit someone or something physically and directly (not by throwing for example)
    кӏалэр дэпкъым ео
    č̣̍ālăr dăpqəm eo
    the boy is hitting the wall. (transitive)
    усэоныу уфая?
    wsăonəw wfājā?
    Do you want me to hit you? (transitive)
    Кӏалэм уемэу
    Č̣̍ālăm wemăw
    Don't hit the boy. (transitive)
    А кӏалэхэр къуотых
    Ā č̣̍ālăxăr q°otəx
    Those boys will hit you. (transitive)
    Кӏалэр мао
    Č̣̍ālăr māo
    The boy is hitting. (intransitive)
  2. to eat with gusto
    нэкӏо пицэ ткъеот
    năč̣̍o pică tqeot
    Let's eat a pizza! (with gusto) (transitive)
    пицэ укъеота?
    pică wqeotā?
    Are you going to eat a pizza? (with gusto) (transitive)
    кӏалэр пицэ ео
    č̣̍ālăr pică eo
    The boy is eating a pizza (with gusto) (transitive)
  3. to play music
    кIалэр гитарым къео
    kIālăr ɣitārəm qeo
    the boy is playing the guitar (transitive)
    пяноуым шъукъеуа?
    pjānowəm ŝ°qewā?
    Do you (plural) play the piano? (transitive)
    пшынэм еу
    pšənăm ew
    Play the accordion. (transitive)
  4. to shake (milk)
  5. to shoot (кӏэрахъомкӏэ еон)
    кӏалэр кӏэрахъомкӏэ ео тгъужъым
    č̣̍ālăr č̣̍ărāχomč̣̍ă eo tġ°ẑəm
    The boy is shooting the wolf with the gun. (transitive)
  6. to spend money thriftily
  7. to sting
  8. to weed
  9. to smoke
    лӏэр хьащищ ео
    ḷăr ḥāš̍iš̍ eo
    The man is smoking hashish. (transitive)
  10. (mathematics) to multiply
    щым плӏыкӏэ уеомэ пшӏыкӏутӏу къычӏэкьижьыт
    š̍əm pḷəč̣̍ă weomă pṣ̂əḳ°ṭ° qəč̣ăk’iž̍ət
    If you multiply three times four it will make twelve. (transitive)

ConjugationEdit

Transitive:

Intransitive:

PrepositionsEdit

See alsoEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic он
Roman on
Perso-Arabic

NumeralEdit

он

  1. Cyrillic spelling of on (ten)

BashkirEdit

 
Он.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *ūn (flour).

Cognate with Kazakh ұн (un, flour), Kyrgyz ун (un, flour), Uzbek un (flour), Khakas ун (un, flour), Turkish un (flour).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʊ̞n/
  • Hyphenation: он (one syllable)

NounEdit

он (on)

  1. flour
    Арыш оно.
    Arïš ono.
    Rye flour.
    Табаҡҡа биш йомортҡа һытығыҙ, ондо ҡушып болғағыҙ.
    Tabaqqa biš yomortqa hïtïğïð, ondo qušïp bolğağïð.
    Crack five eggs into the bowl, add flour and stir.

DeclensionEdit


Karachay-BalkarEdit

NumeralEdit

он (on)

  1. ten

KazakhEdit

Cyrillic он (on)
Arabic ون
Kazakh cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : он (on)
    Ordinal : оныншы (onınşı)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten). Cognates include Turkish on, Old Turkic 𐰆𐰣(on, ten), etc.

NumeralEdit

он (on)

  1. ten
    он адам
    on adam
    ten people

KhakasEdit

NumeralEdit

он (on)

  1. ten

Komi-PermyakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finno-Ugric *adema.

NounEdit

он (on)

  1. dream

KumykEdit

NumeralEdit

он (on)

  1. ten

KyrgyzEdit

Kyrgyz cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : он (on)

NumeralEdit

он (on)

  1. ten

MongolianEdit

NounEdit

он (on)

  1. year

See alsoEdit


RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic онъ (onŭ), from Proto-Slavic *onъ.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [on]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -on

PronounEdit

он (on) (feminine она́, neuter оно́)

  1. third-person masculine singular pronoun: he, it.

Usage notesEdit

  • Whenever a preposition stands immediately before any of the oblique cases of the third-person pronoun (singular or plural) and directly governs it, then an н- must be prefixed to the pronoun: от него́ (ot nevó) (from him), на нём (na njóm) (on him), у него́ (u nevó) (he has), к нему́ (k nemú) (to him), с ним (s nim) (with him).
  • The explanation for the н-prothesis is that, originally, some Russian prepositions ended in the letter -н: сън (sŭn, “with”...cf. Greek σύν (σύν), Latin cum). Eventually, the final н of these prepositions migrated across to the pronoun, so that сън им became modern с ним (s nim), and then this was extended to include all prepositions when governing any third-person pronoun.
  • Note that if the preposition does not directly govern его́ (jevó) (i.e., when его is a possessive pronoun), then н- is not prefixed: у его́ бра́та (u jevó bráta) (at his brother’s), о его́ ма́тери (o jevó máteri) (about his mother), в его́ ко́мнате (v jevó kómnate) (in his room).
  • When there is another word separating a preposition and any oblique case of он, the н- is not added: у самого́ его́ (u samovó jevó) (with him himself).

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


RusynEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic онъ (onŭ), from Proto-Slavic *onъ.

PronounEdit

он (on) (feminine вна́, neuter вно́)

  1. he
    Ани он, ани его сочасникы не поважовали тогочасный церковнославянскый язык за чужородный.
    Any on, any eho sočasnykŷ ne považovaly tohočasnŷj cerkovnoslavjanskŷj jazŷk za čužorodnŷj.
    He or his contemporaries did not consider Church Slavon of that time as a foreign language.

Related termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

о̑н (Latin spelling ȏn)

  1. he

DeclensionEdit


TajikEdit

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

Dari Persian آن
Iranian Persian
Tajik он (on)

он (on)

  1. that

PronounEdit

Dari Persian آن
Iranian Persian
Tajik он (on)

он (on)

  1. that
  2. it
  3. she
  4. he

TuvanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten)

NumeralEdit

он (on)

  1. ten