Adyghe edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

он (won) (??? please indicate transitivity!)

  1. to hit someone or something physically and directly (not by throwing for example)
    кӏалэр дэпкъым ео
    kʼalɛr dɛpqəm jewo
    the boy is hitting the wall. (transitive)
    усэоныу уфая?
    wusɛwonəwu wufaja?
    Do you want me to hit you? (transitive)
    Кӏалэм уемэу
    Kʼalɛm wujemɛwu
    Don't hit the boy. (transitive)
    А кӏалэхэр къуотых
    A kʼalɛxɛr qʷuwotəx
    Those boys will hit you. (transitive)
    Кӏалэр мао
    Kʼalɛr mawo
    The boy is hitting. (intransitive)
  2. to eat with gusto
    нэкӏо пицэ ткъеот
    nɛkʷʼo picɛ tqewot
    Let's eat a pizza! (with gusto) (transitive)
    пицэ укъеота?
    picɛ wuqewota?
    Are you going to eat a pizza? (with gusto) (transitive)
    кӏалэр пицэ ео
    kʼalɛr picɛ jewo
    The boy is eating a pizza (with gusto) (transitive)
  3. to play music
    кӏалэр гитарым къео
    kʼalɛr ɣitarəm qewo
    the boy is playing the guitar (transitive)
    пяноуым шъукъеуа?
    pjanowəm šʷuqewa?
    Do you (plural) play the piano? (transitive)
    пшынэм еу
    pšənɛm jewu
    Play the accordion. (transitive)
  4. to shake (milk)
  5. to shoot (кӏэрахъомкӏэ еон)
    кӏалэр кӏэрахъомкӏэ ео тгъужъым
    kʼalɛr kʼɛraχʷomkʼɛ jewo tğʷuẑəm
    The boy is shooting the wolf with the gun. (transitive)
  6. to spend money thriftily
  7. to sting
  8. to weed
  9. to smoke
    лӏэр хьащищ ео
    lˢʼɛr ḥaśiś jewo
    The man is smoking hashish. (transitive)
  10. (mathematics) to multiply
    щым плӏыкӏэ уеомэ пшӏыкӏутӏу къычӏэкьижьыт
    śəm plˢʼəkʼɛ wujewomɛ pšʼəkʷʼutʷʼu qəĉʼɛkʲiźət
    If you multiply three times four it will make twelve. (transitive)

Conjugation edit

Transitive:

Intransitive:

Conjugation edit

See also edit

Azerbaijani edit

Numeral edit

он

  1. Cyrillic spelling of on (ten)

Bashkir edit

 
Он.

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *ūn (flour).

Cognate with Kazakh ұн (ūn, flour), Kyrgyz ун (un, flour), Uzbek un (flour), Khakas ун (un, flour), Turkish un (flour).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ʊ̞n/
  • Hyphenation: он (one syllable)

Noun edit

он (on)

  1. flour
    Арыш оно.
    Arış ono.
    Rye flour.
    Баҙарҙан ике тоҡ он һатып алдым.
    Baźarźan ike toq on hatıp aldım.
    I bought two sacks of flour at the marketplace.
    Табаҡҡа биш йомортҡа һытығыҙ, ондо ҡушып болғағыҙ.
    Tabaqqa biş yomortqa hıtığıź, ondo quşıp bolğağıź.
    Crack five eggs into the bowl, add flour and stir.

Declension edit

Buryat edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Mongolic *on.

Noun edit

он (on)

  1. year

Carpathian Rusyn edit

Etymology edit

From Old East Slavic онъ (onŭ), from Proto-Slavic *onъ.

Pronoun edit

он (on) (feminine вна́, neuter вно́)

  1. he
    Ани он, ани его сочасникы не поважовали тогочасный церковнославянскый язык за чужородный.
    Any on, any eho sočasnykŷ ne považovaly tohočasnŷj cerkovnoslavjanskŷj jazŷk za čužorodnŷj.
    He or his contemporaries did not consider Church Slavonic of that time as a foreign language.

Related terms edit

Chulym edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten). Cognates include Turkish on, Old Turkic𐰆𐰣(on, ten), etc.

Numeral edit

он (on)

  1. ten

References edit

  • А. Ф. кондияков, В. М. Лемская , Чулымский Язык , Д. Пасечное тюхтетского района красноярского края 2007-2021 гг.

Erzya edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Mordvinic *on, from Proto-Finno-Permic *une. Cognates include Finnish uni, Livonian u’ņ, Western Mari ом (om).

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun edit

он (on)

  1. dream
    мазы онтmazi ontbeautiful dreams
    • 1865, Ferdinand Johann Wiedemann, Das Evangelium des Matthäus ersamordwinisch, page 6:
      Kulomodo meile Irodoń pazoń angelze onsto nejevź Iosifnen Jegipetse
      After Herod died, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt
  2. sleep

References edit

  • B. A. Serebrennikov; R. N. Buzakova; M. V. Mosin (1993), “он”, in Эрзянь-рузонь валкс [Erzya-Russian dictionary], Moscow: Русский язык, →ISBN
  • Entry #1665 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics.
  • Ferdinand Johann Wiedemann (1865) Das Evangelium des Matthäus ersamordwinisch[1], London: Bonaparte, Louis-Lucien

Even edit

Adverb edit

о̄н (ōn)

  1. how

References edit

Kalmyk edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Mongolic *on.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

он (on) (Clear script spelling ᡆᠨ (on))

  1. year

See also edit

Karachay-Balkar edit

Numeral edit

он (on)

  1. ten

Kazakh edit

Alternative scripts
Arabic ون
İske imlâ اون
Cyrillic он
Latin on
Kazakh cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : он (on)
    Ordinal : оныншы (onynşy)

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten). Cognates include Turkish on, Old Turkic𐰆𐰣(on, ten), etc.

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Numeral edit

он (on)

  1. ten
    он адам
    on adam
    ten people

Khakas edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten).

Numeral edit

он (on)

  1. ten

Komi-Permyak edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Permic *on, from Proto-Uralic *adema. Cognates include Komi-Zyrian ун (un) and Udmurt ум (um).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈon/
  • Hyphenation: он

Noun edit

он (on)

  1. sleep
  2. dream

Komi-Zyrian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈon/, [ˈo̞n]
  • Hyphenation: он

Etymology 1 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

он (on)

  1. second-person present/future of оз (oz)

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Permic *on, from Proto-Uralic *adema. Cognates include Hungarian álom and Eastern Mari омо (omo).

Noun edit

он (on)

  1. (dialectal) Alternative form of ун (un, dream)
Declension edit
Declension of он (stem: онм-)
singular plural
nominative он (on) онъяс (onjas)
accusative I* он (on) онъяс (onjas)
II* онмӧс (onmös) онъясӧс (onjasös)
instrumental онмӧн (onmön) онъясӧн (onjasön)
comitative онкӧд (onköd) онъяскӧд (onjasköd)
caritive онтӧг (ontög) онъястӧг (onjastög)
consecutive онла (onla) онъясла (onjasla)
genitive онлӧн (onlön) онъяслӧн (onjaslön)
ablative онлысь (onlyś) онъяслысь (onjaslyś)
dative онлы (only) онъяслы (onjasly)
inessive онмын (onmyn) онъясын (onjasyn)
elative онмысь (onmyś) онъясысь (onjasyś)
illative онмӧ (onmö) онъясӧ (onjasö)
egressive онсянь (onśań) онъяссянь (onjasśań)
approximative онлань (onlań) онъяслань (onjaslań)
terminative онмӧдз (onmödź) онъясӧдз (onjasödź)
prolative I онмӧд (onmöd) онъясӧд (onjasöd)
II онті (onti) онъясті (onjasti)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Possessive declension of он
First person singular
singular plural
nominative онмӧй (onmöj) онъясӧй (onjasöj)
accusative I* онмӧй (onmöj) онъясӧй (onjasöj)
II* онмӧс (onmös) онъясӧс (onjasös)
instrumental оннам (onnam) онъяснам (onjasnam)
comitative онмӧйкӧд (onmöjköd) онъясӧйкӧд (onjasöjköd)
caritive онтӧгым (ontögym) онъястӧгым (onjastögym)
consecutive онмӧйла (onmöjla) онъясӧйла (onjasöjla)
genitive онмӧйлӧн (onmöjlön) онъясӧйлӧн (onjasöjlön)
ablative онмӧйлысь (onmöjlyś) онъясӧйлысь (onjasöjlyś)
dative онмӧйлы (onmöjly) онъясӧйлы (onjasöjly)
inessive онмам (onmam) онъясам (onjasam)
elative онсьым (onśym) онъяссьым (onjasśym)
illative онмам (onmam) онъясам (onjasam)
egressive онсяньым (onśańym) онъяссяньым (onjasśańym)
approximative онланьым (onlańym) онъясланьым (onjaslańym)
terminative онмӧдзым (onmödźym) онъясӧдзым (onjasödźym)
prolative I онмӧдым (onmödym) онъясӧдым (onjasödym)
II онтіым (ontiym) онъястіым (onjastiym)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Second person singular
singular plural
nominative онмыд (onmyd) онъясыд (onjasyd)
accusative I* онмыд (onmyd) онъясыд (onjasyd)
II* онтӧ (ontö) онъястӧ (onjastö)
instrumental оннад (onnad) онъяснад (onjasnad)
comitative онмыдкӧд (onmydköd) онъясыдкӧд (onjasydköd)
caritive онтӧгыд (ontögyd) онъястӧгыд (onjastögyd)
consecutive онмыдла (onmydla) онъясыдла (onjasydla)
genitive онмыдлӧн (onmydlön) онъясыдлӧн (onjasydlön)
ablative онмыдлысь (onmydlyś) онъясыдлысь (onjasydlyś)
dative онмыдлы (onmydly) онъясыдлы (onjasydly)
inessive онмад (onmad) онъясад (onjasad)
elative онсьыд (onśyd) онъяссьыд (onjasśyd)
illative онмад (onmad) онъясад (onjasad)
egressive онсяньыд (onśańyd) онъяссяньыд (onjasśańyd)
approximative онланьыд (onlańyd) онъясланьыд (onjaslańyd)
terminative онмӧдзыд (onmödźyd) онъясӧдзыд (onjasödźyd)
prolative I онмӧдыд (onmödyd) онъясӧдыд (onjasödyd)
II онтіыд (ontiyd) онъястіыд (onjastiyd)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Third person singular
singular plural
nominative онмыс (onmys) онъясыс (onjasys)
accusative I* онмыс (onmys) онъясыс (onjasys)
II* онсӧ (onsö) онъяссӧ (onjassö)
instrumental оннас (onnas) онъяснас (onjasnas)
comitative онмыскӧд (onmysköd) онъясыскӧд (onjasysköd)
caritive онтӧгыс (ontögys) онъястӧгыс (onjastögys)
consecutive онмысла (onmysla) онъясысла (onjasysla)
genitive онмыслӧн (onmyslön) онъясыслӧн (onjasyslön)
ablative онмыслысь (onmyslyś) онъясыслысь (onjasyslyś)
dative онмыслы (onmysly) онъясыслы (onjasysly)
inessive онмас (onmas) онъясас (onjasas)
elative онсьыс (onśys) онъяссьыс (onjasśys)
illative онмас (onmas) онъясас (onjasas)
egressive онсяньыс (onśańys) онъяссяньыс (onjasśańys)
approximative онланьыс (onlańys) онъясланьыс (onjaslańys)
terminative онмӧдзыс (onmödźys) онъясӧдзыс (onjasödźys)
prolative I онмӧдыс (onmödys) онъясӧдыс (onjasödys)
II онтіыс (ontiys) онъястіыс (onjastiys)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
First person plural
singular plural
nominative онным (onnym) онъясным (onjasnym)
accusative I* онным (onnym) онъясным (onjasnym)
II* оннымӧ (onnymö) онъяснымӧ (onjasnymö)
instrumental оннаным (onnanym) онъяснаным (onjasnanym)
comitative оннымкӧд (onnymköd) онъяснымкӧд (onjasnymköd)
caritive онтӧгным (ontögnym) онъястӧгным (onjastögnym)
consecutive оннымла (onnymla) онъяснымла (onjasnymla)
genitive оннымлӧн (onnymlön) онъяснымлӧн (onjasnymlön)
ablative оннымлысь (onnymlyś) онъяснымлысь (onjasnymlyś)
dative оннымлы (onnymly) онъяснымлы (onjasnymly)
inessive онманым (onmanym) онъясаным (onjasanym)
elative онсьыным (onśynym) онъяссьыным (onjasśynym)
illative онманым (onmanym) онъясаным (onjasanym)
egressive онсяньным (onśańnym) онъяссяньным (onjasśańnym)
approximative онланьным (onlańnym) онъясланьным (onjaslańnym)
terminative онмӧдзным (onmödźnym) онъясӧдзным (onjasödźnym)
prolative I онмӧдным (onmödnym) онъясӧдным (onjasödnym)
II онтіным (ontinym) онъястіным (onjastinym)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Second person plural
singular plural
nominative онныд (onnyd) онъясныд (onjasnyd)
accusative I* онныд (onnyd) онъясныд (onjasnyd)
II* оннытӧ (onnytö) онъяснытӧ (onjasnytö)
instrumental оннаныд (onnanyd) онъяснаныд (onjasnanyd)
comitative онныдкӧд (onnydköd) онъясныдкӧд (onjasnydköd)
caritive онтӧгныд (ontögnyd) онъястӧгныд (onjastögnyd)
consecutive онныдла (onnydla) онъясныдла (onjasnydla)
genitive онныдлӧн (onnydlön) онъясныдлӧн (onjasnydlön)
ablative онныдлысь (onnydlyś) онъясныдлысь (onjasnydlyś)
dative онныдлы (onnydly) онъясныдлы (onjasnydly)
inessive онманыд (onmanyd) онъясаныд (onjasanyd)
elative онсьыныд (onśynyd) онъяссьыныд (onjasśynyd)
illative онманыд (onmanyd) онъясаныд (onjasanyd)
egressive онсяньныд (onśańnyd) онъяссяньныд (onjasśańnyd)
approximative онланьныд (onlańnyd) онъясланьныд (onjaslańnyd)
terminative онмӧдзныд (onmödźnyd) онъясӧдзныд (onjasödźnyd)
prolative I онмӧдныд (onmödnyd) онъясӧдныд (onjasödnyd)
II онтіныд (ontinyd) онъястіныд (onjastinyd)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Third person plural
singular plural
nominative онныс (onnys) онъясныс (onjasnys)
accusative I* онныс (onnys) онъясныс (onjasnys)
II* оннысӧ (onnysö) онъяснысӧ (onjasnysö)
instrumental оннаныс (onnanys) онъяснаныс (onjasnanys)
comitative оннымкӧс (onnymkös) онъяснымкӧс (onjasnymkös)
caritive онтӧгныс (ontögnys) онъястӧгныс (onjastögnys)
consecutive оннысла (onnysla) онъяснысла (onjasnysla)
genitive онныслӧн (onnyslön) онъясныслӧн (onjasnyslön)
ablative онныслысь (onnyslyś) онъясныслысь (onjasnyslyś)
dative онныслы (onnysly) онъясныслы (onjasnysly)
inessive онманыс (onmanys) онъясаныс (onjasanys)
elative онсьыныс (onśynys) онъяссьыныс (onjasśynys)
illative онманыс (onmanys) онъясаныс (onjasanys)
egressive онсяньныс (onśańnys) онъяссяньныс (onjasśańnys)
approximative онланьныс (onlańnys) онъясланьныс (onjaslańnys)
terminative онмӧдзныс (onmödźnys) онъясӧдзныс (onjasödźnys)
prolative I онмӧдныс (onmödnys) онъясӧдныс (onjasödnys)
II онтіныс (ontinys) онъястіныс (onjastinys)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.

References edit

  • A. I. Podorova, editor (1948) Коми-русский словарь [Komi-Russian dictionary], Syktyvkar: Коми Государственное Издательство, page 143
  • L. M. Beznosikova; E. A. Ajbabina; R. I. Kosnyreva (2000) Коми-русский словарь [Komi-Russian dictionary], →ISBN, page 454

Kumyk edit

Numeral edit

он (on)

  1. ten

Kyrgyz edit

Kyrgyz numbers (edit)
100
 ←  1  ←  9 10 20  →  100  → 
1
    Cardinal: он (on)
    Ordinal: онунчу (onuncu)

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten). Cognates include Turkish on, Old Turkic𐰆𐰣(on, ten), etc.

Numeral edit

он (on)

  1. ten

Macedonian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *onъ.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

он (on)

  1. (dialectal) he
    Synonym: (standard) тој (toj)

Moksha edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finno-Permic *une. Cognates include Erzya он (on), Finnish uni.

Noun edit

он (on)

  1. sleep
  2. dream

Mongolian edit

MongolianCyrillic
ᠣᠨ
(on)
он
(on)

Etymology edit

Inherited from Classical Mongolian ᠣᠨ (on, year), from Middle Mongol ᠣᠨ (ʾwn /⁠hon⁠/, year), ꡜꡡꡋ (hon /⁠hon⁠/, year), from Proto-Mongolic *hon. Cognate with Khitan 𘮗 (*po /⁠po⁠/, time). Compare also Jurchen [Term?], Manchu ᡶᠣᠨ (fon, time).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

он (on)

  1. year

Declension edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms edit

compounds

See also edit

Northern Altai edit

Northern Altai cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : он (on)
    Ordinal : онынджы, онынчы (onïndžï, onïnčï)

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten).

Numeral edit

он (on)

  1. ten

See also edit

References edit

  • N. A. Baskakov, editor (1985), “он”, in Severnyje Dialekty Altajskovo( Ojrotskovo) Jazyka- Dialekt Lebedinskix Tatar-čalkancev(kuu-kiži) [Northern Altai language-Dialect of Chelkan], Moskva: glavnaja redakcija vostočnoj literatury, →ISBN
  • N. A Baskakov, editor (1972), “он”, in Severnyje dialekty Altajskovo (Ojrotskovo Jazyka- Dialekt kumandincev(Kumandin Kiži) [Northern Dialect of Altai -Kumandin Dialect(Kumandin kiži)], Moskva: glavnaja redakcija vostočnoja literatury, →ISBN

Russian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old East Slavic онъ (onŭ), from Proto-Slavic *onъ.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

он (on) (feminine counterpart она́, neuter counterpart оно́)

  1. third-person masculine singular pronoun: he, it.

Usage notes edit

  • Whenever a preposition stands immediately before any of the oblique cases of the third-person pronoun (singular or plural) and directly governs it, then an н- (n-) must be prefixed to the pronoun: от него́ (ot nevó, from him); на нём (na njom, on him); у него́ (u nevó, he has); к нему́ (k nemú, to him); с ним (s nim, with him).
  • This comes from Proto-Slavic prepositions such as *sъ(n) (with) (compare Ancient Greek σύν (sún) and Latin cum), that originally ended in -n and governed oblique cases. Since the prepositions and the pronouns occurred together so often, it was easy to lose track of which word the final -n belonged to, and so it was reinterpreted as part of the pronouns; compare Old English an, which was reinterpreted in the same way. Proto-Slavic *sъ(n) *jьmi became modern Russian с ни́ми (s ními), and this rule was extended to all prepositions governing any third-person pronoun.
  • Note that if the preposition does not directly govern его́ (jevó) (i.e., when его́ (jevó) is a possessive pronoun), then н- (n-) is not added: у его́ бра́та (u jevó bráta, at his brother's); от его́ ма́тери (ot jevó máteri, from his mother); в его́ ко́мнате (v jevó kómnate, in his room).
  • When there is another word separating a preposition and any oblique case of он (on), then н- (n-) is not added: у самого́ его́ (u samovó jevó, with him himself).

Declension edit

Related terms edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *onъ.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

о̑н (Latin spelling ȏn)

  1. he

Declension edit

Shor edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten). Cognates include Turkish on, Old Turkic𐰆𐰣(on, ten), etc.

Numeral edit

он (on)

  1. ten

References edit

* Шорско-русский и русско-шорский словарь 1993

Southern Altai edit

Southern Altai cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : он (on)
    Ordinal : онынчы (onïnčï)
    Collective : ону (onu)

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten). Cognate with Kazakh он (on), Kumyk он (on), Azerbaijani on Turkish on, Shor он, etc.

Numeral edit

он (on)

  1. ten

Related terms edit

Tajik edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Persian𐭠𐭭(ān, that, he).

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

Dari آن
Iranian Persian
Tajik он

он (on)

  1. that

Pronoun edit

Dari آن
Iranian Persian
Tajik он

он (on)

  1. that
  2. it
  3. she
  4. he

Tuvan edit

Tuvan cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : он (on)
    Ordinal : онгу (ongu)

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten). Cognate with Turkish on.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

он (on)

  1. ten