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MacedonianEdit

NounEdit

под (podm

  1. floor (ground)

InflectionEdit

PrepositionEdit

под (pod)

  1. under
    Кучето се скри под столицата.
    The dog hid under the chair.
  1. below
    Тоа е закопано под земјата.
    It is buried below the ground.

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *podъ.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

под (pod)

  1. (with accusative case)
    under (movement to beneath)
    towards, to
    about, on the eve of (time)
    in imitation of, à la
    for, suitable as
  2. (with instrumental case)
    under, below, beneath (location)
    near, by
    used for

Usage notesEdit

  • подо (podo) is used before words with certain awkward consonant clusters such as мн- (mn-), вс- (vs-), and сн- (sn-).

NounEdit

под (podm inan (genitive по́да, nominative plural поды́, genitive plural подо́в)

  1. hearth, hearthstone
  2. floor

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *podъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

по̏д m (Latin spelling pȍd)

  1. floor
    пасти на подto fall to the floor
  2. ground
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Slavic *podъ.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

по̏д (Latin spelling pȍd)

  1. (+ accusative case) under, beneath (with change of position, answering the question ку̀да)
    с(ј)ела је под стаблоshe sat under the tree
    пао је под влакhe fell under the train
  2. (+ instrumental case) under, beneath (stationary, answering the question гдје̏/где̏)
    она с(ј)еди под стабломshe is sitting under the tree
    под сунцемunder the sun
  3. (+ instrumental case) under, beneath (being in a particular condition)
    бити под сумњомto be under suspicion
    бити под притискомto be under pressure
    бити под дојмомto be under impression
    под оружјемunder arms
    бити под надзоромto be under supervision/surveillance
    бити под нечијом заштитомto be under someone's protection
    бити под нагласкомto be accented (stressed), to be under the accent (stress)
    писати под псеудонимомto write under the pen name, pseudonymously
    бити под заклетвомto be under oath
  4. (+ accusative case) near, toward, in (temporal, with nouns denoting a final temporal segment)
    под јесенtoward fall
    под крајnear the end
    под старостin one's old age
  5. (+ instrumental case) during (temporal)
    под одморомduring the (school) break
    под паузомduring the (job) break
    под сатомduring the (school) lesson
    под владавиномduring the reign of
  6. (+ accusative case) as, instead of, in lieu of
    покушати продати мркву под ротквуto try selling carrot as radish
  7. miscellaneous idiomatic meanings
    то је под морањеthat is obligatory
    бацити под ногеto reject, throw away
    небу под облакеfar away
    под ув(ј)етом/условом даunder the condition of, on the condition that
    под изговоромunder the pretext
    под Загребомnear Zagreb
    под Велебитомat the foot of Velebit, on the foothills of Velebit
    под коровомcovered/overgrown with weed
    ништа под (милим) богомabsolutely nothing
    под контролом (wитх генитиве)under the control (of)
    под тим(е) мислимby that I mean
    бити под антибиотицимаto be on antibiotics
    под правим кутомperpendicular