Contents

RussianEdit

 
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Собака

EtymologyEdit

Either from an Iranian or Turkic language. What makes Russian sobaka so crucial is that it occurs only in the Median language in a closer or identical form.[1] In the mid-5th century BCE, Herodotus (Histories 1.110) wrote that σπάκα (spaka) was the Median word for a female dog. Alternatively, it may come from a Turkic language via dialectal change of s to k change;[2] compare Turkish köpek. Turkic probably had both forms, *kopak(V) and *sopak(V).[1] Trubachev offers a similar k ~ s sound shifting case for Russian сорок.[3]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

соба́ка (sobákaf anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки, genitive plural соба́к)

  1. dog
    сторожева́я соба́ка‎ ― storoževája sobákawatchdog
    дворо́вая соба́ка‎ ― dvoróvaja sobákacur, mongrel, mutt
    Вот где соба́ка зарыта!‎ ― Vot gde sobáka zaryta!Now I see it!
    Его каждая соба́ка зна́ет‎ ― Jevo každaja sobáka znájetEveryone knows him.
    голо́дный как соба́ка‎ ― golódnyj kak sobákaas hungry as a dog; wolfish, rapacious
    замёрзнуть как соба́ка‎ ― zamjórznutʹ kak sobákato be chilled to the marrow
    злой как соба́ка‎ ― zloj kak sobákamad as hell
    ну́жный как собаке пятая нога́‎ ― núžnyj kak sobake pjataja nogáneed like a hole in the head
    собаку съесть‎ ― sobaku sʺjestʹto know something inside out
    уста́ть как соба́ка‎ ― ustátʹ kak sobákato be dog-tired
  2. hound
    соба́ка-ище́йка‎ ― sobáka-iščéjkabloodhound
  3. (pejorative) mongrel; bastard
  4. (Internet) @ (at sign)

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Karatay (2009), in Journal of Eurasian Studies, Volume I., Issue 3. Page 49.
  2. ^ Trubachev, in Vasmer III, 1987: 702-3
  3. ^ Trubachev, in Vasmer III, 1987: 723.

UkrainianEdit

 
Ukrainian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia uk
 
собака

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

соба́ка (sobákaf anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки)

  1. dog (animal)

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

соба́ка (sobákaf anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки)

  1. (figuratively, pejorative) scoundrel, detestable person

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit