собака

Contents

RussianEdit

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Собака

EtymologyEdit

Either from an Iranian or Turkic language. What makes Russian sobaka so crucial is that it occurs only in the Median language in a closer or identical form.[1] In the mid-5th century BCE, Herodotus (Histories 1.110) wrote that σπάκα ‎(spaka) was the Median word for a female dog. Alternatively, it may come from a Turkic language via dialectal change of s to k change;[2] compare Turkish köpek. Turkic probably had both forms, *kopak(V) and *sopak(V).[1] Trubachev offers a similar k ~ s sound shifting case for Russian сорок.[3]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

соба́ка ‎(sobákaf anim ‎(genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки)

  1. dog
    сторожева́я соба́ка‎ ― storoževája sobákawatchdog
    дворо́вая соба́ка‎ ― dvoróvaja sobákacur, mongrel, mutt
    Вот где соба́ка зарыта!‎ ― Vot gde sobáka zaryta! ― Now I see it!
    Его каждая соба́ка зна́ет‎ ― Jevo každaja sobáka znájet ― Everyone knows him.
    голо́дный как соба́ка‎ ― golódnyj kak sobáka ― as hungry as a dog; wolfish, rapacious
    замёрзнуть как соба́ка‎ ― zamjórznutʹ kak sobáka ― to be chilled to the marrow
    злой как соба́ка‎ ― zloj kak sobákamad as hell
    ну́жный как собаке пятая нога́‎ ― núžnyj kak sobake pjataja nogá ― need like a hole in the head
    соба́ка на сене‎ ― sobáka na senedog in the manger
    собаку съесть‎ ― sobaku sʺjestʹ ― to know something inside out
    уста́ть как соба́ка‎ ― ustátʹ kak sobáka ― to be dog-tired
  2. hound
    соба́ка-ище́йка‎ ― sobáka-iščéjkabloodhound
  3. (pejorative) mongrel; bastard
  4. (Internet) @ (at sign)

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Karatay (2009), in Journal of Eurasian Studies, Volume I., Issue 3. Page 49.
  2. ^ Trubachev, in Vasmer III, 1987: 702-3
  3. ^ Trubachev, in Vasmer III, 1987: 723.

UkrainianEdit

Ukrainian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia uk

собака

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

соба́ка ‎(sobákaf anim ‎(genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки)

  1. dog (animal)

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

соба́ка ‎(sobákaf anim ‎(genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки)

  1. (figuratively, pejorative) scoundrel, detestable person

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Bilodid I. K., editor (1970–1980), “собака”, in Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Dictionary of the Ukrainian language] (in Ukrainian), Kiev: Naukova Dumka
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