собака

Old East SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Derived from Middle Iranian *sabāka-, from West Iranian *spaka, from Proto-Iranian *cwā́; compare Zoroastrian Dari [script needed] (sabah), Old Median σπάκα (spā́kəʰ) [the source of Old Armenian ասպակ (aspak, dog)], Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬀𐬐𐬀(spaka, dog-like).

PhraseEdit

соба́ка (sobákam

  1. dog

DescendantsEdit

  • Belarusian: саба́ка m (sabáka, dog)
  • Russian: соба́ка f (sobáka, dog; hound)
  • Ukrainian: соба́ка m or f (sobáka, dog)
    • Polish: sobaka (dialectal)
      • Kashubian: sobaka (bitch (female dog); dissolute man)

Further readingEdit

Sreznevsky, Izmail (1912), “собака”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ[1] [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language According to Written Monuments] (in Russian), volume 3: Р Ѡ, Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 455


RussianEdit

 
Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru
 
Соба́ка

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic собака (sobaka), derived from Middle Iranian *sabāka-, from West Iranian *spaka, from Proto-Iranian *cwā́; compare Zoroastrian Dari [script needed] (sabah), Old Median σπάκα (spā́kəʰ) [the source of Old Armenian ասպակ (aspak, dog)], Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬀𐬐𐬀(spaka, dog-like). Cognates include Ukrainian соба́ка (sobáka), Belarusian саба́ка (sabáka), Polish sobaka (dialectal), Kashubian sobaka (bitch (female dog); dissolute man), Sanskrit शुनक (śunaka).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [sɐˈbakə]
  • (file)

NounEdit

соба́ка (sobákaf anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки, genitive plural соба́к, related adjective соба́чий, diminutive соба́чка)

  1. dog
    Synonym: пёс (pjos)
    сторожева́я соба́каstoroževája sobákawatchdog
    дворо́вая соба́каdvoróvaja sobákacur, mongrel, mutt
    Вот где соба́ка зарыта!Vot gde sobáka zaryta!Now I see it!
    Его́ ка́ждая соба́ка зна́етJevó káždaja sobáka znájetEveryone knows him. (literally, “Every dog knows him”)
    голо́дный как соба́каgolódnyj kak sobákaas hungry as a dog; wolfish, rapacious
    замёрзнуть как соба́каzamjórznutʹ kak sobákato be chilled to the marrow
    злой как соба́каzloj kak sobákamad as hell
    [lit. "angry as a dog']
    ну́жный как соба́ке пя́тая нога́núžnyj kak sobáke pjátaja nogáneed like a hole in the head
    [lit. Need like a fifth foot to a dog]
    соба́ку съестьsobáku sʺjestʹto know something inside out
    уста́ть как соба́каustátʹ kak sobákato be dog-tired
  2. hound
    соба́ка-ище́йкаsobáka-iščéjkabloodhound
  3. (derogatory) mongrel; bastard
  4. (Internet) @ (at sign)

DeclensionEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “собака”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress



UkrainianEdit

 
Ukrainian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia uk
 
собака

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic собака (sobaka), derived from Middle Iranian *sabāka-, from West Iranian *spaka, from Proto-Iranian *cwā́. Cognate to Belarusian саба́ка (sabáka) and Russian соба́ка (sobáka), Polish sobaka (dialectal), Kashubian sobaka (bitch (female dog); dissolute man).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

соба́ка (sobákam animal or f animal (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки, genitive plural соба́к)

  1. dog (animal)
    Synonyms: (poetic) пес (pes), су́ка (súka, female dog)

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Polish: sobaka (dialectal)
    • Kashubian: sobaka (bitch (female dog); dissolute man)

NounEdit

соба́ка (sobákam pers or f pers (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки, genitive plural соба́к)

  1. (figuratively, derogatory) scoundrel, detestable person

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit