Bulgarian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *stornà (side, land); morphologically from стор (stor, spread, extension) (obsolete, archaic) +‎ -на (-na).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [strɐˈna]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -na

Noun

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страна́ (stranáf (relational adjective стра́нен)

  1. side, facet
    Synonyms: край (kraj), (archaic) пола́ (polá)
    от една́ страна́ ..., от дру́га страна́ ...
    ot edná straná ..., ot drúga straná ...
    on the one hand ..., on the other hand ...
    (literally, “from one side ..., from another side ...”)
    оста́вам/стоя́ на страна́ (от)
    ostávam/stojá na straná (ot)
    to remain/to stay aside (from), to remain impartial (to)
    о́пака страна́ópaka stranáopposite, inverse side/face
    на отсре́щната страна́na otsréštnata stranáon the opposite side
  2. direction, orientation (including cardinal direction)
    Synonyms: посо́ка (posóka), направле́ние (napravlénie)
    зави́вам на дру́га страна́zavívam na drúga stranáto turn in another direction
    и́зточна страна́íztočna stranáeast orientation
  3. country, land, region
    ро́дна страна́ródna stranáhomeland
    разви́та страна́razvíta stranádeveloped country
    бли́зки и дале́чни страни́blízki i daléčni stranínear and far countries
  4. (figurative) viewpoint, perspective, angle
    Synonyms: гле́дище (glédište), стано́вище (stanóvište)
    от страна́ наot straná nafrom the point of view of
  5. (figurative) side, aspect, nuance (of character, personality)
    Synonyms: осо́беност (osóbenost), аспе́кт (aspékt)
    скри́та страна́ на не́чий хара́ктерskríta straná na néčij haráktera hidden side of someone's character
  6. (colloquial) cheek (any of the two sides of the face)
    Synonym: бу́за (búza)

Declension

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Derived terms

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References

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  • страна”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014
  • страна”, in Речник на българския език [Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language] (in Bulgarian), Chitanka, 2010
  • страна in Исторически речник на Българския език, Sofia University "St. Clement Ohridsky"

Macedonian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *stornà (side, land).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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страна (stranaf (plural страни, relational adjective страничен)

  1. side
  2. (colloquial) page

Declension

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Old Church Slavonic

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *storna.

Noun

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страна (stranaf

  1. side
  2. country, region
    • from the Life of Constantine:
      оучителѧ не имамъ таковаго, иже бꙑ нꙑ въ свои ꙗзꙑкъ истоую вѣроу христꙇаньскоую сказалъ, да бꙑша и инꙑ странꙑ того зрѧще подобилисѧ намъ.
      učitelę ne imamŭ takovago, iže by ny vŭ svoi jazykŭ istuju věru xristianĭskuju skazalŭ, da byša i iny strany togo zręšte podobilisę namŭ.
      we have no such teacher who would explain the true Christian faith to us in our own tongue, so that even the countries here, seeing this, might emulate us.

Declension

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Old East Slavic: страна (strana)
    • Russian: страна́ (straná)

References

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  • Miklosich, Franz (1850) Lexicon linguae Slovenicae. Veteris dialecti[1], Vienna
  • Бояджиев, Андрей (2016) Старобългарска читанка[2], София

Old East Slavic

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Etymology

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Learned borrowing from Old Church Slavonic страна (strana), from Proto-Slavic *storna.

Pronunciation

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  • (ca. 9th CE) IPA(key): /strɑˈnɑ/
  • (ca. 11th CE) IPA(key): /straˈna/
  • (ca. 13th CE) IPA(key): /straˈna/
  • Hyphenation: стра‧на

Noun

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страна (stranaf

  1. side
  2. shore
  3. part
  4. land, country
    • 1377, Dmitry of Suzdal, Laurentian Codex[3], page 2:
      Афету же ꙗшас полунощнꙑꙗ странꙑ и ꙁападнꙑꙗ.
      Afetu že jašas polunoščnyja strany i zapadnyja.
      And Japheth was given the northern lands and the western.
  5. folk, people
  6. side (in a dispute or war)

Declension

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Descendants

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References

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  • Sreznevsky, Izmail I. (1912) “страна”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language Based on Written Monuments]‎[4] (in Russian), volumes 3 (Р – Ꙗ и дополненія), Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, column 535

Russian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old East Slavic страна (strana), borrowed from Old Church Slavonic страна (strana), from Proto-Slavic *storna. Compare the regular East-Slavic reflex with pleophony сторона́ (storoná).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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страна́ (stranáf inan (genitive страны́, nominative plural стра́ны, genitive plural стран)

  1. country
  2. region
    четы́ре страны́ све́таčetýre straný svétathe four cardinal points

Declension

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Synonyms

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Derived terms

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References

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  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “страна”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress

Serbo-Croatian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *storna.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /strǎːna/
  • Hyphenation: стра‧на
  • Rhymes: -ǎːna
  This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Noun

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стра́на f (Latin spelling strána)

  1. side
  2. page (of a book)

Declension

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Synonyms

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Derived terms

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