Contents

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Attested since XVII century. Borrowed from a Turkic source. Ultimately, probably from Avestan [script needed] ‎(dunman-, fog, mist), [script needed] ‎(dvąnman-, cloud).

Compare Turkish duman, Kazakh тұман ‎(tuman), Tatar томан ‎(toman), Persian دود ‎(dūd) : دودمان ‎(dūdmān, smoke, soot).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

тума́н ‎(tumánm inan ‎(genitive тума́на, nominative plural тума́ны, genitive plural тума́нов)

  1. (meteorology) fog
    быть как в тума́не‎ ― bytʹ kak v tumáneto be in a fog (state of mind)
    напусти́ть тума́ну‎ ― napustítʹ tumánu ― to equivocate; to beat around the bush

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Fasmer, Maks (1964–1973), “туман”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “туман”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 270
Read in another language