туман

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Turkic language since XVII, probably ultimately from Avestan [script needed] ‎(dunman-, fog, mist), [script needed] ‎(dvąnman-, cloud).

Compare Turkish duman, Kazakh тұман ‎(tuman), Tatar томан ‎(toman), Persian دود ‎(dūd) : دودمان ‎(dūdmān, smoke, soot).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

тума́н ‎(tumánm inan ‎(genitive тума́на, nominative plural тума́ны)

  1. (meteorology) fog
    быть как в тума́не‎ ― bytʹ kak v tumáneto be in a fog (state of mind)
    напусти́ть тума́ну‎ ― napustítʹ tumánu ― to equivocate; to beat around the bush

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • туман in Max Vasmer (1986), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 4 vols (second edition), Moscow: Progress — Translated from German and supplemented by O. N. Trubačóv
  • туман” in Pavel Černyx (1999), Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 2 vols (3rd ed.), Moscow: Publishing House "Russian Language", volume 2, page 270
Read in another language