Kalmyk edit

Etymology edit

From Written Oirat ᡍᠠᠷᠠ (xara), from Proto-Mongolic *kara, ultimately of Turkic origin; see Proto-Turkic *kara.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

хар (xar) (Clear script spelling ᡍᠠᠷᠠ (xara))

  1. black

Khakas edit

Etymology edit

From Old Turkic qar (“snow”), from Proto-Turkic *kār, *Kiār (snow).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

хар (xar)

  1. (meteorology) snow

Declension edit

Mongolian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Mongolic *kara (black); compare Buryat хара (xara), Kalmyk хар (xar), Daur xara. Possibly borrowed from Proto-Turkic *kara (black), whence also Turkish kara and Uyghurقارا(qara).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

хар (xar) (Mongolian spelling ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ (qar-a))

  1. black (color)

Derived terms edit

Tajik edit

 
Tajik Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia tg
Dari خر
Iranian Persian
Tajik хар

Etymology edit

Compare Persianخر(xar) from Middle Persian hl.

Noun edit

хар (xar)

  1. donkey, ass

Tundra Nenets edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Samoyedic *kərə, from Proto-Uralic *kurɜ. Cognates include Finnish kuras and Lule Sami gürra.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [hʌr(ə̥)]
  • Hyphenation: хар

Noun edit

хар (xar°)

  1. knife

References edit

  • Pyrerka, A. P.; Tereščenko, N. M. (1948) Русско-ненецкий словарь [Russian–Nenets Dictionary], Moscow: Огиз, page 155
  • N. M. Tereschenko (2005), “хар”, in Словарь ненецко-русский и русско-ненецкий, 3rd edition, Saint Petersburg: Просвещение, →ISBN
  • Irina Nikolaeva (2014) A Grammar of Tundra Nenets, Walter de Gruyter GmbH, →ISBN, page 18

Tuvan edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *kār (snow). Cognate with Turkish kar (snow).

Noun edit

хар (xar) (definite accusative харны, plural харлар)

  1. snow
  2. age (of someone)
    Мээң харым үжен.Meeñ xarım üjen.I'm thirty years old.

See also edit

Yagnobi edit

Etymology edit

From Tajik.

Noun edit

хар (xar)

  1. donkey, ass

Yakut edit

Etymology edit

Possibly onomatopoeic.

Verb edit

хар (qar)

  1. (transitive) to choke (on)
  2. (transitive, by extension) to block off

Derived terms edit

  • харыс (qarıs, to fight, to butt heads)