элек

BashkirEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *il(i)k (before; early; first).

Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰃𐰠𐰚(ilk, first), Karakhanid اِلْكْ(ilk, first, firstly); Tatar элек (elek, before, earlier), Uzbek ilk (first; early), Turkish ilk (first), Tuvan элек (elek, early, not yet), Yakut илик (ilik, not yet), Chuvash ӗлӗк (ĕlĕk, before, in old times; ago).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ɪ̞ˈlɪ̞k]
  • Hyphenation: э‧лек

PostpositionEdit

элек (elek) (takes absolute case)

  1. ago
    Ҡатыны тураһында үҙенән һорап ҡуймағыҙ, ул уны бер йыл элек юл фажиғәһендә юғалтҡан.
    Qatïnï turahïnda üðenän horap quymağïð, ul unï ber yïl elek yul fažiğähendä yuğaltqan.
    Don't ask him about his wife – he lost her one year ago in a traffic accident.

ConjunctionEdit

элек (elek) (takes nouns or verbs in action name form in ablative case, or verbs in negative participle (-maθ/-mäθ) form)

  1. before
    Шаршау асылмаҫ элек сәхнәгә Актёр сыға, ҡулында телефон.
    Šaršaw asïlmaθ elek säxnägä Aktyor sïğa, qulïnda telefon.
    Before the curtain opens, the Actor goes on stage, (with) a telephone in his hand.

SynonymsEdit

AdverbEdit

элек (elek)

  1. formerly, earlier, used to
    Элек бында ҙур ауыл булған.
    Elek bïnda ður awïl bulğan.
    There used to be a large village here.
  2. (prior to another action) before, first
    Элек ҡулыңды йыу.
    Elek qulïñdï yïw.
    First wash your hands.

SynonymsEdit