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Old ArmenianEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *dʰoyǵʰos or *dʰeyǵʰos, from the root *dʰeyǵʰ-.[1][2][3][4] Theoretically, a borrowing from the Iranian cognate cannot be excluded; compare Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬰𐬀(daēza-, wall)[2], 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬰𐬀𐬫𐬈𐬌𐬙𐬌(daēzayeiti, to heap, wall about) and 𐬎𐬰𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬰𐬀(uzdaēza, pile of earth).

Compare also Kurdish دێز(dêz, heap of leaves and plants for winter).[5]


դէզ (dēz)

  1. heap, pile


Derived termsEdit



  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “դէզ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  2. 2.0 2.1 Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 204
  3. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian[1] (pdf), Zagreb, page 10
  4. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 385, 388
  5. ^ hejar (1990), “دێز”, in henbane borîne, Tehran: Soroush, page 333

Further readingEdit

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “դէզ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Xudabašeancʿ, Ałekʿsandr (1838), “դէզ”, in Baṙaran ’i haykakan lezuē ’i ṙusacʿ barbaṙ [Dictionary from the Armenian Language into the Russian Tongue], volume I, Moscow: Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “դէզ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy