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Old ArmenianEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *h₃nogʰ- (nail) (*h₃nogʷʰ- or *h₃nogʰ-u-). Armenian presents phonological problems. Martirosyan proposes the following derivation chain: with secondary e-prothesis from Proto-Armenian *lungn, by dissimilation and loss of pretonic u- from *unúngn, through nasal anticipation from *unug-n, with a final nasal frequent in body-part terms (probably from Proto-Indo-European accusative *-m̥). See also մագիլ (magil). The other meanings are semantic loans from Ancient Greek ὄνυξ (ónux).


եղունգն (ełungn)

  1. nail; claw, talon; hoof
  2. (figuratively) an instrument of a sculptor; scraper
  3. onyx (gem)
  4. a kind of aromatic substance


Derived termsEdit



  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “եղունգն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “եղունգն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “եղունգն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 254