ArmenianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian եմ (em).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

եմ (em)

  1. I am
    Ես հայ եմ։Es hay em.I am an Armenian.
    Ես հայ չեմ։Es hay čʿem.I am not an Armenian.
    Ես գիրքը կարդալու եմ։Es girkʿə kardalu em.I will read the book.

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésmi. See also ես (es), է (ē), են (en).

VerbEdit

եմ (em)

  1. to be
    է զի, էր զի, է ուրեք, է երբէք զի...ē zi, ēr zi, ē urekʿ, ē erbēkʿ zi...sometimes; it happens, it turns out...
    Ես եմ Աստուած՝ որ Էն։Es em Astuac, or Ēn.I am that I am.
    Ես եմ՝ ես եմ նոյն որ ջնջեմ։Es em, es em noyn or ǰnǰem.I am, it is I, it is I who blot out and pardon.
    Առն միոջ էին երկու որդիք։Aṙn mioǰ ēin erku ordikʿ.A certain man had two sons. (literally, “There were two sons of one man.”)
    Էր ամաց երկոտասանից։Ēr amacʿ erkotasanicʿ.He was twelve years old.
    Յուտել եմ։Yutel em.I am eating.
    է զի, է երբեմն, է ուրէք, էր զիē zi, ē erbemn, ē urēkʿ, ēr zisometimes; now and then
    է որ, են որē or, en orsome, some one; one ... and the other; some ... others; some... some; sometimes
    ողջ ե՛րołǰ érlive, fare thee well
    Են նորա երկու որդիք։En nora erku ordikʿ.He has two sons. (literally, “There are two sons of him.”)
    իցեն այսոքիկ որպէս եւ ենicʿen aysokʿik orpēs ew enwhatever it may be

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: եմ (em)

ReferencesEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “եմ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “եմ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “եմ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy