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ArmenianEdit

 
Armenian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hy
 
Armenian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hy

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian իշխան (išxan).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

իշխան (išxan)

  1. prince, ruler, ishkhan
  2. Sevan trout

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from an Iranian word of the shape *xšāna-, ultimately from Proto-Iranian *xšaH- (to rule, be lord of). Among the cognates compare Sogdian ʾγšʾwʾn, ʾγšywny, ʾxšywn(y) (king), Manichaean Parthian ʾxšynd (prince). Related to իշխեմ (išxem).

NounEdit

իշխան (išxan)

  1. prince, ruler, ishkhan
    իշխանաց իշխան, իշխան աշխարհիišxanacʿ išxan, išxan ašxarhithe sovereign, the king; prince, crown-prince, heir-apparent
    իշխան զօրունišxan zōrungeneral of the army
    իշխան երգոցišxan ergocʿmaster of the choir
    իշխան աշխարհի, խաւարի, մոլորութեանišxan ašxarhi, xawari, molorutʿeanthe prince of darkness, satan, demon, fiend
    իշխանքišxankʿthe authorities
    իշխան լինելišxan linelto rule, to command, to be in power, in authority
    իշխան առնել զոքišxan aṙnel zokʿto give power to someone
    իշխան էր իւրոց ախտիցišxan ēr iwrocʿ axticʿhe was master of himself, or his own master
    քում գլխոյդ չես իշխանkʿum glxoyd čʿes išxanyou are not lord of your own life
    չէ իշխանčʿē išxanhe cannot, he is not authorized to
    զիշխանի թեկն ածելzišxani tʿekn acelto pass one's self off for a prince; to play the grandee, to lord it
    • 7th century, Sebēos, Patmutʿiwnʿ [History] Chapter 28
      Եւ էր հրամանատար զաւրուն նորա պարսիկ ոմն իշխան՝ անուն Դատոյեան, հրամանաւ արքունի։
      Ew ēr hramanatar zawrun nora parsik omn išxan, anun Datoyean, hramanaw arkʿuni.
      • 1999 translation by Robert W. Thomson
        The commander of their force was a certain Persian prince named Datoyean, [appointed] by royal command.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “իշխան”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 246b
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “իշխել”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 246–247
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836), “իշխան”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume I, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 864bc
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 526
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “իշխան”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 246a
  • Schmitt, R.; Bailey, H. W. (1986), “Armenia and Iran iv. Iranian influences in Armenian Language”, in Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition[1], New York, retrieved 2016-04-17