Contents

ArmenianEdit

 
Armenian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hy
 
Armenian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hy

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian իշխան (išxan).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

իշխան (išxan)

  1. prince, ruler, ishkhan
  2. Sevan trout

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from an Iranian word of the shape *xšāna-, ultimately from Proto-Iranian *xšaH- (to rule, be lord of). Among the cognates compare Sogdian ʾγšʾwʾn, ʾγšywny, ʾxšywn(y) (king), Manichaean Parthian ʾxšynd (prince). Related to իշխեմ (išxem).

NounEdit

իշխան (išxan)

  1. prince, ruler, ishkhan
    իշխանաց իշխան, իշխան աշխարհի‎ ― išxanacʿ išxan, išxan ašxarhithe sovereign, the king; prince, crown-prince, heir-apparent
    իշխան զօրուն‎ ― išxan zōrungeneral of the army
    իշխան երգոց‎ ― išxan ergocʿmaster of the choir
    իշխան աշխարհի, խաւարի, մոլորութեան‎ ― išxan ašxarhi, xawari, molorutʿeanthe prince of darkness, satan, demon, fiend
    իշխանք‎ ― išxankʿthe authorities
    իշխան լինել‎ ― išxan linelto rule, to command, to be in power, in authority
    իշխան առնել զոք‎ ― išxan aṙnel zokʿto give power to someone
    իշխան էր իւրոց ախտից‎ ― išxan ēr iwrocʿ axticʿhe was master of himself, or his own master
    քում գլխոյդ չես իշխան‎ ― kʿum glxoyd čʿes išxanyou are not lord of your own life
    չէ իշխան‎ ― čʿē išxanhe cannot, he is not authorized to
    զիշխանի թեկն ածել‎ ― zišxani tʿekn acelto pass one's self off for a prince; to play the grandee, to lord it

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “իշխան”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 246b
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “իշխել”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, pages 246–247
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836), “իշխան”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume I, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 864bc
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 526
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “իշխան”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 246a
  • Schmitt, R.; Bailey, H. W. (1986), “Armenia and Iran iv. Iranian influences in Armenian Language”, in Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition[1], New York, retrieved 2016-04-17