ծանր

ArmenianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Old Armenian ծանր (canr). The dialectal forms are inherited.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ծանր (canr) (superlative ամենածանր)

  1. heavy
    ծանր քարcanr kʿarheavy stone
    Antonym: թեթև (tʿetʿew)
  2. cumbersome, unwieldy
  3. (figuratively) serious, grave; distressing, painful; excruciating; heavy, severe; hard, difficult, tough
    ծանր առաջադրանքcanr aṙaǰadrankʿtough task
  4. (of a character) difficult, tough
  5. (of a literary style) ponderous, heavy
  6. turbid (for understanding)

DeclensionEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from a Kartvelian language. Compare Georgian წონა (c̣ona, weight) and Laz წონ (c̣on, to weigh).

AdjectiveEdit

ծանր (canr)

  1. heavy, weighty
  2. massive, voluminous, great
  3. (figuratively) difficult, hard, onerous, laborious; disagreeable, troublesome, importunate; grievous, serious, preponderating; sluggish, tardy, dull; hard (of hearing); strong, rank
    ծանր քունcanr kʿundeep sleep
    ծանր կերակուրcanr kerakurindigestible food
    ծանր շունչcanr šunčʿbad breath
    ծանր հարուածcanr haruacviolent blow
    ծանր, ծանունսcanr, canunsheavily; grievously; deeply; vigorously; seriously; painfully
    ծանունս սխալելcanuns sxalelto be greatly mistaken
    ծանունս լսելcanuns lselto give no ear, to pretend not to hear
    ծանր թուիլcanr tʿuilto take ill, to be displeased, angry, enraged
    մի ինչ ծանր թուեսցի քեզmi inčʿ canr tʿuescʿi kʿezdo not take it ill, do not be displeased
    ծանր է քեզ բանդ այդcanr ē kʿez band aydthe thing is above your ability
    ծանր է ինձcanr ē injthat is a heavy sacrifice for me
    ծանր ծանր երդմունքcanr canr erdmunkʿdreadful oaths
    թողէք զծանր oրինացնtʿołēkʿ zcanr orinacʿnyou have omitted the weightier matters of the law
  4. pregnant
    ծանր կինcanr kinwoman with child
  5. (grammar) grave

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: ծանր (canr), ծանդր (candr)

Further readingEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “ծանր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ծանր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 33
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ծանր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy