սանտր

Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Most likely inherited from the zero-grade of Proto-Indo-European *ḱent-r-om (pointed tool), and cognate with Ancient Greek κέντρον (kéntron, something with a sharp point), Albanian çandër (forked pole).[1][2]. Doublet of կենդրովն (kendrovn).

NounEdit

սանտր (santr)

  1. comb
    • 5th century, Łazar Pʿarpecʿi, Patmutʿiwn Hayocʿ [History of Armenia] :[3][4]
      Չօծան իւղով, չյարմարեցին սանտրով զհեր գլխոյ իւրեանց
      Čʿōcan iwłov, čʿyarmarecʿin santrov zher glxoy iwreancʿ
      • Translation by Robert W. Thomson
        They did not anoint themselves with perfume, they did not arrange the hair of their heads with combs.

DeclensionEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: սանր (sanr), սանդր (sandr), սանտր (santr), սանդերք (sanderkʿ)

Further readingEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979) , “սանտր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 174–175
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837) , “սանտր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 488
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010) , “սանտր”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 668a
  • Kerestedjian, Bedros (1969) Étude philologique et lexicographique : de 6000 mots et noms arméniens avec des comparaisons de 100.000 mots de 900 langues et des données historiques et géographiques publ., avec une introd., par Kerest Haig avec des index des 900 langues et des 300 auteurs consultés et une liste des errata (in French), reprint of the 1945 London edition, Amsterdam: Philo Press, →ISBN, page 360, additionally comparing to Sanskrit सान्द्र (sāndra, dense) and Persian سنیژه(sanīža, weaver's reed or shuttle)
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2013) , “The place of Armenian in the Indo-European language family: the relationship with Greek and Indo-Iranian”, in Journal of Language Relationship[2], issue 10, page 116, considering a substrate word together with Ancient Greek ξαίνω (xaínō, to comb wool)
  • Pictet, Adolphe (1863) Les origines indo-européennes, ou Les Aryas primitifs: essai de paléontologie linguistique, volume II, Paris: J. Cherbuliez, page 106, comparing to Ancient Greek ξαίνω (xaínō, to comb wool), ξάνιον (xánion, card for combing wool), Persian شانه(šâne, comb).
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879) , “սանտր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mann, Stuart E. (1963) Armenian and Indo-European: Historical phonology, London: Luzac & Co. Ltd., page 13
  2. ^ Mann, Stuart E. (1968) An Armenian Historical Grammar in Latin Characters (Morphology, Etymology, Old Texts), London: Luzac & Co. Ltd., page 96
  3. ^ Łazar Pʿarpecʿi (1904) , G. Tēr-Mkrtčʿean and St. Malxasean, editors, Patmutʿiwn Hayocʿ ew tʿułtʿ aṙ Vahan Mamikonean [History of Armenia and Letter to Vahan Mamikonian] (Patmagirkʿ hayocʿ; I.4), Tiflis: Aragatip Mnacʿakan Martiroseancʿi, page 110
  4. ^ Thomson, Robert W. (1991) The History of Łazar Pʿarpecʿi (Columbia University Program in Armenian Studies. Suren D. Fesjian Academic Publications; 4)‎[1], Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press, page 161