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ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian քաղցր (kʿałcʿr).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

քաղցր (kʿałcʿr) (superlative ամենաքաղցր)

  1. sweet
  2. (figuratively) pleasant, sweet

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

քաղցր (kʿałcʿr)

  1. sweet course, dessert

DeclensionEdit

AdverbEdit

քաղցր (kʿałcʿr)

  1. sweetly

Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

A contamination of two or more Proto-Indo-European roots: *swéh₂dus (sweet), *dl̥kú- (sweet) (whence Ancient Greek γλυκύς (glukús), Latin dulcis), *sweld- (to starve) (whence Old Armenian քաղց (kʿałcʿ)) and a word for "salty" from *séh₂ls (salt).[1][2][3][4][5]

AdjectiveEdit

քաղցր (kʿałcʿr)

  1. sweet, delicious
  2. (figuratively) mild, pleasant, agreeable, charming, amiable, affable, dear, beloved
    քաղցր հայեցուածքkʿałcʿr hayecʿuackʿmild looking
    քաղցր բնաւորութիւնkʿałcʿr bnaworutʿiwngood-temperedness
    քաղցր բարքkʿałcʿr barkʿgentle manners
    քաղցր յիշատակkʿałcʿr yišatakpleasing remembrance
    քաղցր է տեսանելkʿałcʿr ē tesanelit is pleasant to see
    քաղցր է ինձkʿałcʿr ē injI should like
    քաղցր էր մեզ տեսանելkʿałcʿr ēr mez tesanelwe saw with pleasure
    քաղցունսkʿałcʿunssweetly, softy, gently, pleasantly, nicely
  3. (as a substantive) sweetness, honey

DeclensionEdit

AdverbEdit

քաղցր (kʿałcʿr)

  1. sweetly, softly, gently, pleasantly, nicely

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pedersen, Holger (1906), “Armenisch und die Nachbarsprachen”, in Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung auf dem Gebiete der Indogermanischen Sprachen[1] (in German), volume 39, issue 3, page 429
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “քաղցր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 546–547
  3. ^ Solta, G. R. (1960) Die Stellung des Armenischen im Kreise der indogermanischen Sprachen (Studien zur armenischen Geschichte; 9) (in German), Vienna: Mechitharisten, page 362
  4. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 165–166
  5. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “քաղցր”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, pages 774–775

Further readingEdit

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “քաղցր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 33
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “քաղցր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy