See also: ן, ן׳, and נ

Hebrew

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Cognate with Arabic ـَان (-ān). (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.).

Suffix

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־ָן (-án)

  1. -er: forming nouns denoting one with a certain characteristic.
    1. With the characteristic being a behavior or personality trait.
      מציקןm'tsikána bully
      מעתיקןma'atikána copycat
      לאומןl'umánan ultranationalist
    2. With the characteristic being a discriminator.
      גזעןgiz'ána racist
      גילןgilánan ageist
    3. With the characteristic being a profession or other activity.
      פרווןparvána furrier
      יהלומןyahalomána diamantaire
      משפיעןmashpiána [social media] influencer
    4. With the characteristic being something else.
      צבעןtsiv'ána pigment
      תיקןtikána cockroach
  2. -ium: forming names of chemical elements.
    צורןtsoránsilicon
    סידןsidáncalcium

Derived terms

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Mozarabic

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Etymology

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From Latin inde (thence). Compare French en (adverb, pronoun) and Italian ne (adverb, pronoun).

Pronoun

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־ן (transliteration needed)

  1. of that, of him, of her
    • c. 1100, Kharja H24 :[1]
      תן שבדיד ונארי
      tn šbdyd wn'ry
      I'll know how to give you some of it

Notes

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Corriente takes ⟨n⟩ to represent a Mozarabic en. His translation also depends on interpreting ⟨šbdy⟩ as a textual corruption for *⟨šbry⟩, hence Mozarabic *šabréy 'I will know [how]'.

References

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  1. ^ Corriente, F., Sáenz-Badillos, A. (1994) “Nueva propuesta de lectura de las xarajāt con texto romance de la serie hebrea”, in Revista de Filología Española (in Spanish), volume LXXIV, number 3/4, page 289

Yiddish

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Etymology 1

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From Middle High German -en, a merger of various terminations in Old High German reflecting different conjugational patterns, namely -an, -ien, -on, -en, and -non, respectively from Proto-Germanic *-aną, *-janą, *-ōną, *-āną, and *-naną.

Alternative forms

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  • (often used with Slavic borrowings) ־ען (-en)

Suffix

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־ן (-n)

  1. The infinitive marker for verbs, which can be appended to a noun or adjective that means X to create a verb that means "to make X" or "to do X"
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Compare German -en, Dutch -en.

Suffix

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־ן (-n)

  1. A plural marker for regular nouns not ending in an unstressed ־ר (-r), ־ם (-m), ־ן (-n), or a vowel.
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Etymology 3

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A merger of the nasal inflectional endings of nouns and adjectives of Middle High German: -en, -em.

Suffix

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־ן (-n)

  1. Used to indicate the dative and accusative in the masculine form of adjectives and masculine declined nouns, and the dative in the neuter form of adjectives and feminine declined nouns.

Etymology 4

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From Hebrew ־ָן (-án).

Suffix

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־ן (-nm, plural ־נים (-onem)

  1. Used to form nouns denoting people of a certain profession or who perform certain habitual actions.

Etymology 5

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Suffix

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־ן (-n)

  1. Regular termination of the first-person plural present indicative form of verbs.
  2. Regular termination of the third-person plural present indicative form of verbs.