See also: ן‎, ן׳, and נ

HebrewEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Arabic ـَان(-ān). (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.).

SuffixEdit

־ָן (-án)

  1. -er: forming nouns denoting one with a certain characteristic.
    1. With the characteristic being a behavior or personality trait.
      שקרן‎‎ ― shakrána liar
      עצלן‎‎ ― atslána lazy person
    2. With the characteristic being a profession or other activity.
      שדכן‎‎ ― shadkhána matchmaker
      שחקן‎‎ ― sakhkána player or an actor
    3. With the characteristic being something else.
      צבען‎‎ ― tsiv'ána pigment
      תיקן‎‎ ― tikána cockroach
  2. -ium: forming names of chemical elements.
    חמצן‎‎ ― khamtsánoxygen

Derived termsEdit


YiddishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle High German -en, a merger of various terminations in Old High German reflecting different conjugational patterns, namely -an, -ien, -on, -en, and -non, respectively from Proto-Germanic *-aną, *-janą, *-ōną, *-āną, and *-naną.

SuffixEdit

־ן (-n)

  1. The infinitive marker for verbs, which can be appended to a noun or adjective that means X to create a verb that means "to make X" or "to do X"
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

Compare German -en, Dutch -en.

SuffixEdit

־ן (-n)

  1. A plural marker for regular nouns not ending in an unstressed ־ר (-r), ־ם (-m), ־ן (-n), or a vowel.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

A merger of the nasal inflectional endings of nouns and adjectives of Middle High German: -en, -em.

SuffixEdit

־ן (-n)

  1. Used to indicate the dative and accusative in the masculine form of adjectives and masculine declined nouns, and the dative in the neuter form of adjectives and feminine declined nouns.

Etymology 4Edit

From Hebrew ־ָן(-án).

SuffixEdit

־ן (-nm, plural ־נים(-onem)

  1. Used to form nouns denoting people of a certain profession or who perform certain habitual actions.

Etymology 5Edit

SuffixEdit

־ן (-n)

  1. Regular termination of the first-person plural present indicative form of verbs.
  2. Regular termination of the third-person plural present indicative form of verbs.