See also: ן‎, ן׳, and נ

Hebrew edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Cognate with Arabic ـَان(-ān). (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.).

Suffix edit

־ָן (-án)

  1. -er: forming nouns denoting one with a certain characteristic.
    1. With the characteristic being a behavior or personality trait.
      מציקן‎‎ ― m'tsikána bully
      מעתיקן‎‎ ― ma'atikána copycat
      לאומן‎‎ ― l'umánan ultranationalist
    2. With the characteristic being a discriminator.
      גזען‎‎ ― giz'ána racist
      גילן‎‎ ― gilánan ageist
    3. With the characteristic being a profession or other activity.
      פרוון‎‎ ― parvána furrier
      יהלומן‎‎ ― yahalomána diamantaire
      משפיען‎‎ ― mashpiána [social media] influencer
    4. With the characteristic being something else.
      צבען‎‎ ― tsiv'ána pigment
      תיקן‎‎ ― tikána cockroach
  2. -ium: forming names of chemical elements.
    צורן‎‎ ― tsoránsilicon
    סידן‎‎ ― sidáncalcium

Derived terms edit

Mozarabic edit

Etymology edit

From Latin inde (thence). Compare French en (adverb, pronoun) and Italian ne (adverb, pronoun).

Pronoun edit

־ן (transliteration needed)

  1. of that, of him, of her
    • c. 1100, Kharja H24 :[1]
      תן שבדיד ונארי
      tn šbdyd wn'ry
      I'll know how to give you some of it

Notes edit

Corriente takes ⟨n⟩ to represent a Mozarabic en. His translation also depends on interpreting ⟨šbdy⟩ as a textual corruption for *⟨šbry⟩, hence Mozarabic *šabréy 'I will know [how]'.

References edit

  1. ^ Corriente, F.; Sáenz-Badillos, A. (1994), “Nueva propuesta de lectura de las xarajāt con texto romance de la serie hebrea”, in Revista de Filología Española (in Spanish), volume LXXIV, issue 3/4, page 289

Yiddish edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle High German -en, a merger of various terminations in Old High German reflecting different conjugational patterns, namely -an, -ien, -on, -en, and -non, respectively from Proto-Germanic *-aną, *-janą, *-ōną, *-āną, and *-naną.

Suffix edit

־ן (-n)

  1. The infinitive marker for verbs, which can be appended to a noun or adjective that means X to create a verb that means "to make X" or "to do X"
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Compare German -en, Dutch -en.

Suffix edit

־ן (-n)

  1. A plural marker for regular nouns not ending in an unstressed ־ר (-r), ־ם (-m), ־ן (-n), or a vowel.
See also edit

Etymology 3 edit

A merger of the nasal inflectional endings of nouns and adjectives of Middle High German: -en, -em.

Suffix edit

־ן (-n)

  1. Used to indicate the dative and accusative in the masculine form of adjectives and masculine declined nouns, and the dative in the neuter form of adjectives and feminine declined nouns.

Etymology 4 edit

From Hebrew ־ָן(-án).

Suffix edit

־ן (-nm, plural ־נים(-onem)

  1. Used to form nouns denoting people of a certain profession or who perform certain habitual actions.

Etymology 5 edit

Suffix edit

־ן (-n)

  1. Regular termination of the first-person plural present indicative form of verbs.
  2. Regular termination of the third-person plural present indicative form of verbs.