See also: אַרץ

Hebrew

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Etymology

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Root
א־ר־ץ (ʾ-r-ts)

From Proto-Semitic *ʔarṣ́-. Compare Arabic أَرْض (ʔarḍ) and Aramaic אַרְעָא.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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אֶרֶץ ('éretzf (plural indefinite אֲרָצוֹת, singular construct אֶרֶץ־, plural construct אַרְצוֹת־, Biblical Hebrew pausal form אָרֶץ) [pattern: קֶטֶל]

  1. country, land
  2. territory, district, region
  3. Earth (the third planet of the Solar System; the world upon which humans live)
    • Tanach, Genesis 1:1, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ׃
      b'reshít bará 'elohím 'ét hashamáyim v'ét ha'árets.
      In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
  4. ground, soil
  5. (definite, popular) Israel

Usage notes

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Declension

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Synonyms

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Derived terms

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See also

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References

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