Persian

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Dari آفریدن
Iranian Persian
Tajik офаридан

Etymology

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From Middle Persian [script needed] (āfritan), from Proto-Iranian *ā- + *fraiH- (to rejoice, atone, please). The former prefix is from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éd (to, at), and the latter component is from Proto-Indo-European *preyH- (to please; to love). Cognate with Sogdian ʾ'frytyy (āfrītē, creature).

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? āfarīḏan
Dari reading? āfarīdan
Iranian reading? âfaridan
Tajik reading? ofaridan
  • Audio (Iran):(file)

Verb

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آفریدن (âfaridan) (present stem آفرین (âfarin))

  1. to create
    • بابا طاهر
      مرا نه سر نه سامان آفریدند
      پریشانم پریشان آفریدند
      پریشان خاطران رفتند در خاک
      مرا از خاک ایشان آفریدند
      marâ na sar na sâmân âfaridand
      parišânam parišân âfaridand
      parišân xâterân raftand dar xâk
      marâ az xâk-e išân âfaridand
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

Conjugation

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References

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  • Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 87-8