Arabic

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Etymology 1

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Root
ء خ ر (ʔ ḵ r)
7 terms

Cognate with Aramaic אחר and Hebrew אַחַר (achár).

Verb

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أَخَّرَ (ʔaḵḵara) II, non-past يُؤَخِّرُ‎ (yuʔaḵḵiru)

  1. to postpone, to set back, to hold back, to put back, to delay
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 82:1-5:
      إِذَا ٱلسَّمَاءُ ٱنْفَطَرَتْ
      وَإِذَا ٱلْكَوَاكِبُ ٱنْتَثَرَتْ
      وَإِذَا ٱلْبِحَارُ فُجِّرَتْ
      وَإِذَا ٱلْقُبُورُ بُعْثِرَتْ
      عَلِمَتْ نَفْسٌ مَّا قَدَّمَتْ وَأَخَّرَتْ
      ʔiḏā s-samāʔu nfaṭarat
      wa-ʔiḏā l-kawākibu ntaṯarat
      wa-ʔiḏā l-biḥāru fujjirat
      wa-ʔiḏā l-qubūru buʕṯirat
      ʕalimat nafsun mmā qaddamat wa-ʔaḵḵarat
      When the sky breaks apart,
      And when the stars commence to scatter,
      And when the seas gush forth,
      And when the graves are strewn,
      A soul will know what it has put forward and what it has set back.
Conjugation
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Descendants
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  • Swahili: ahiri

Adjective

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أَخِر (ʔaḵir)

  1. outcast, distant, remote
Declension
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Noun

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أُخُر (ʔuḵurm

  1. back part, hinder part
Declension
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Adjective

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أُخَر (ʔuḵarf pl

  1. feminine plural of آخَر (ʔāḵar)

References

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  • Freytag, Georg (1830) “أخر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum[1] (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 18–19
  • Lane, Edward William (1863) “أخر”, in Arabic-English Lexicon[2], London: Williams & Norgate, page 31
  • Wehr, Hans with Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985) “أخر”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart[3] (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, pages 11–12

Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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أَخِرُّ (ʔaḵirru) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active indicative of خَرَّ (ḵarra)

Verb

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أَخِرَّ (ʔaḵirra) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active subjunctive of خَرَّ (ḵarra)
  2. first-person singular non-past active jussive of خَرَّ (ḵarra)

Verb

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أَخِرِّ (ʔaḵirri) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active jussive of خَرَّ (ḵarra)

Verb

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أَخُرُّ (ʔaḵurru) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active indicative of خَرَّ (ḵarra)

Verb

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أَخُرَّ (ʔaḵurra) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active subjunctive of خَرَّ (ḵarra)
  2. first-person singular non-past active jussive of خَرَّ (ḵarra)

Verb

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أَخُرِّ (ʔaḵurri) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active jussive of خَرَّ (ḵarra)