See also: الف, الق, ألق, إلق, and إلف

Arabic edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Phoenician𐤀𐤋𐤐(ʾlp).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ʔa.lif/
  • (file)

Noun edit

أَلِف (ʔaliff (pluralأَلِفَات(ʔalifāt))

  1. Name of the first letter of the Arabic alphabet (⁧ا / ‍ا⁩).
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Semitic *ʔalp-.

Numeral edit

Arabic numbers (edit)
[a], [b] ←  100  ←  900 ١٬٠٠٠
1,000
2,000  →  1,000,000 (106)  → [a], [b]
100[a], [b]
    Cardinal: ⁧أَلْف(ʔalf)

أَلْف (ʔalfm (dualأَلْفَانِ(ʔalfāni), pluralآلَاف(ʔālāf) orأُلُوف(ʔulūf))

  1. thousand
    أَلْفُ لَيْلَةٍ وَلَيْلَةٌ(ʔalfu laylatin walaylatun) — One thousand and one nights (lit. "a thousand nights and a night")
Usage notes edit
Declension edit
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Maltese: elf
  • Moroccan Arabic: ⁧ألف(ʔalf)
  • Afar: álfi
  • Mabaan: alp
  • Swahili: elfu

Etymology 3 edit

From Proto-Semitic *ʔalap- (to be familiar with). From the root ⁧ء ل ف(ʔ-l-f).

Verb edit

أَلِفَ (ʔalifa) I, non-pastيَأْلَفُ⁩‎ (yaʔlafu)

  1. to be or become familiar with, to become accustomed, to share the yoke, to be or become amicable or tame
    • c. 1200, ⁧يحيى بن محمد بن أحمد بن العوام⁩ [yaḥyā ibn muḥammad ibn ʔaḥmad ibn al-ʕawwām], edited by José Antonio Banqueri, كتاب الفلاحة [Book on Agriculture], volume 2, Madrid: Imprenta Real, published 1802IA, Cap. 27, Art. 21, pages 284–285:
      وقيل أنه إذا طليت خلايا من داخلها بعصارة ورقه ألفها النحل وأنجلبت إليها وقيل من ترنجان نوع بري نقول ضد ذلك وهو إذا طرح مع النحلة أحرجها.
      And it is said (about the lemon-balm Melissa officinalis) that when one daubs beehives from the inner with an extract pressed from its leaves then the bees approve of it and are attracted to them and it is said of the lemon-balm’s wild form, the dead-nettle (Lamium flexuosum), that one has to say against that that when it is advanced to a bee it drives it out.
Conjugation edit

Noun edit

أَلْف (ʔalfm

  1. verbal noun of أَلِف(ʔalif) (form I)
Declension edit

Etymology 4 edit

From Proto-Semitic *ʔallip- (to tame, to domesticate; to familiarize, to instruct; to unite, to join). From the root ⁧ء ل ف(ʔ-l-f).

Verb edit

أَلَّفَ (ʔallafa) II, non-pastيُؤَلِّفُ⁩‎ (yuʔallifu)

  1. to unite, join, combine, put together
  2. to unite with the rest of the subjugated animals of man, to make familiar, to accustom, to tame
  3. to compile, compose, be the author of (a book)
    كَانَ الشَّاعِرُ يُحِبُّ أَن يُأَلِّفَ قِصَائِدَهُ فِي الطَّبِيعَةِ.
    kāna š-šāʕiru yuḥibbu ʔan yuʔallifa qiṣāʔidahu fī ṭ-ṭabīʕati.
    The poet loved to compose his poems in nature.
Conjugation edit

Etymology 5 edit

Verb edit

أُلْفِ (ʔulfi) (form IV)

  1. first-person singular non-past active jussive of أَلْفَى(ʔalfā)

Verb edit

أُلْفَ (ʔulfa) (form IV)

  1. first-person singular non-past passive jussive of أَلْفَى(ʔalfā)

Verb edit

أَلْفِ (ʔalfi) (form IV)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of أَلْفَى(ʔalfā)

Egyptian Arabic edit

Egyptian Arabic numbers (edit)
 ←  100  ←  200 1,000 2,000  →  1,000,000 (106)  → 
100
    Cardinal: ⁧ألف

Etymology edit

From Arabicأَلْف(ʔalf).

Numeral edit

ألف (ʔalfm (dualألفين(ʔalfēn), pluralآلاف(ʔalāf), paucalتلاف(talāf))

  1. thousand

Moroccan Arabic edit

Etymology edit

Moroccan Arabic numbers (edit)
10,000
 ←  100  ←  900 1,000 2,000  →  10,000  → 
100
    Cardinal: ⁧ألف

From Arabicأَلْف(ʔalf).

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

ألف (ʔalfm (dualألفَيْن(ʔalfayn) orألفِين(ʔalfīn), pluralآلاف(ʔālāf))

  1. thousand

South Levantine Arabic edit

Root
ء ل ف
1 term

Etymology 1 edit

From Arabicأَلَّفَ(ʔallafa).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ʔal.laf/, [ˈʔal.laf]
  • (file)

Verb edit

ألّف (ʔallaf) II (presentبألّف(biʔallef))

  1. to author, to compose
  2. (figurative, by extension) to invent or come up with (a story)
Conjugation edit
    Conjugation of ⁧ألّف(ʔallaf)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m ألّفت⁩ (ʔallaft) ألّفت⁩ (ʔallaft) ألّف⁩ (ʔallaf) ألّفنا⁩ (ʔallafna) ألّفتو⁩ (ʔallaftu) ألّفو⁩ (ʔallafu)
f ألّفتي⁩ (ʔallafti) ألّفت⁩ (ʔallafat)
present m بألّف⁩ (baʔallef) بتألّف⁩ (bitʔallef) بألّف⁩ (biʔallef) منألّف⁩ (minʔallef) بتألّفو⁩ (bitʔallfu) بألّفو⁩ (biʔallfu)
f بتألّفي⁩ (bitʔallfi) بتألّف⁩ (bitʔallef)
subjunctive m األّف⁩ (aʔallef) تألّف⁩ (tʔallef) يألّف⁩ (yʔallef) نألّف⁩ (nʔallef) تألّفو⁩ (tʔallfu) يألّفو⁩ (yʔallfu)
f تألّفي⁩ (tʔallfi) تألّف⁩ (tʔallef)
imperative m ألّف⁩ (ʔallef) ألّفو⁩ (ʔallfu)
f ألّفي⁩ (ʔallfi)

Etymology 2 edit

South Levantine Arabic numbers (edit)
10,000
 ←  100  ←  900 ١٬٠٠٠
1,000
2,000  →  10,000  → 
100
    Cardinal: ⁧ألف

From Arabicأَلْف(ʔalf).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ʔalf/, [ˈʔalf]
  • (file)

Numeral edit

ألف (ʔalfm (dualألفين(ʔalfēn), pluralآلاف(ʔālāf) orألوف(ʔulūf))

  1. thousand