See also:أؤلandاول

Arabic edit

Etymology 1 edit

Arabic numbers (edit)
10
 ←  0 ١
1
2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: ⁧وَاحِد(wāḥid)
    Ordinal: ⁧أَوَّل(ʔawwal)
    Multiplier: ⁧أُحَادِيّ(ʔuḥādiyy), ⁧مُفْرَد(mufrad), ⁧مُوَحَّد(muwaḥḥad)
    Distributive: ⁧أُحَادَ(ʔuḥāda), ⁧مَوْحَدَ(mawḥada), ⁧فُرَادَى(furādā), ⁧فُرَادَ(furāda)

From the root ⁧ء و ل(ʔ-w-l).

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Adjective edit

أَوَّل (ʔawwal) (feminineأُولَى(ʔūlā), common pluralأَوَائِل(ʔawāʔil), masculine pluralأَوَّلُون(ʔawwalūn), feminine pluralأُولَيَات(ʔūlayāt) orأُوَل(ʔuwal))

  1. first
    Antonym:آخِر(ʔāḵir)
Declension edit
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Semitic *ʔil-, otherwise ⁧أَيْل(ʔayl), ⁧إِيل(ʔīl), ⁧إِلّ(ʔill), the most important god in the paganic pantheon—equivalent to the Sun, after which in the Western world the Sunday is named, in others. Origin from “first” above is unlikely since all other pagan weekday names are named after planets and thus indirectly gods and the other Semitic languages there employ *ʔaḥad-, which would have been retained. Lastly the Banu Bakr and Taghlib tribes actually worshiped a deity called ⁧أَوَال(ʔawāl) or ⁧أُوَال(ʔuwāl).

Proper noun edit

أَوْلorأَوَّل (ʔawl or ʔawwalm

  1. (obsolete) Sunday
Declension edit

References edit

  • Fischer, August (1896), “Die altarabischen Namen der sieben Wochentage”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[1] (in German), volume 50, page 224
  • Hommel, Fritz (1893) Süd-Arabische Chrestomathie. Minäo-sabäische Grammatik. – Bibliographie. – Minäische Inschriften nebst Glossar[2] (in German), München: G. Franz’sche Hofbuchhandlung, page 57
  • Rotter, Gernot (1993), “Der dies veneris im vorislamischen Mekka, eine neue Deutung des Namens „Europa“ und eine Erklärung für kobar = Venus”, in Der Islam[3] (in German), volume 70, issue 1, →DOI, page 116–118
  • Wellhausen, Julius (1897) Reste arabischen Heidentumes[4] (in German), Berlin: Georg Reimer, page 64
  • Yāqūt al-Ḥamawīy (a. 1229), Ferdinand Wüstenfeld, editor, كتاب معجم البلدان[kitāb muʿjam al-buldān][5] (in Arabic), volume 1, Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus, published 1866, page 395

Etymology 3 edit

From the root ⁧ء و ل(ʔ-w-l), causative to ⁧آلَ(ʔāla, to return), semantically like German zurückführen, and parallelling Arabicعَبَّرَ(ʕabbara, to get across).

Verb edit

أَوَّلَ (ʔawwala) II, non-pastيُؤَوِّلُ⁩‎ (yuʔawwilu)

  1. (obsolete) to lead back; to bid to return
  2. to interpret, to explain
    Synonym:تَأَوَّلَ(taʔawwala)
Conjugation edit

Etymology 4 edit

Verb edit

أُولَ (ʔūla) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past passive jussive of وَلِيَ(waliya)

Etymology 5 edit

Verb edit

أُولِ (ʔūli) (form IV)

  1. first-person singular non-past active jussive of أَوْلَى(ʔawlā)

Verb edit

أُولَ (ʔūla) (form IV)

  1. first-person singular non-past passive jussive of أَوْلَى(ʔawlā)

Verb edit

أَوْلِ (ʔawli) (form IV)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of أَوْلَى(ʔawlā)

Egyptian Arabic edit

Egyptian Arabic numbers (edit)
10
1 2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: ⁧واحد
    Ordinal: ⁧أول

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicأَوَّل(ʔawwal).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

أول (ʔawwil) (feminineأولى(ʔūla), masculine pluralأوائل(ʔawāʔil))

  1. first
    Synonym:أولانى

Moroccan Arabic edit

Moroccan Arabic numbers (edit)
10
1 2  → [a], [b], [c] 10  → 
    Cardinal: ⁧واحد
    Ordinal: ⁧أول

Etymology edit

From Arabicأَوَّل(ʔawwal).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

أول (ʔawwal) (feminineأولى(ʔūla) orأولة(ʔawwla), common pluralأوائل(ʔawāʔil), masculine pluralأولين(ʔawwlīn), feminine pluralأولات(ʔawwlāt))

  1. first

South Levantine Arabic edit

Root
ء و ل
3 terms
South Levantine Arabic numbers (edit)
10
١
1
2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: ⁧واحد
    Ordinal: ⁧أول

Etymology edit

From Arabicأَوَّل(ʔawwal).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ʔaw.wal/, [ˈʔaw.wal]
  • (file)

Adjective edit

أول (ʔawwal) (feminineأولى(ʔūla), common pluralأوائل(ʔawāʔel) orأولى(ʔuwala))

  1. first
    Antonym:آخر(ʔāḵer)
    كيف كان أوّل يوم مدرسة؟
    kīf kān ʔawwal yōm madrase
    How was the first day of school?
  2. (+ ⁧ما) as soon as

Usage notes edit

  • Ordinal numbers can function either as regular adjectives, following the noun (⁧المرّة الأولى(il-marra l-ʔūla, the first time)), or as elative adjectives, initiating a definite phrase (⁧أوّل مرّة(ʔawwal marra, the first time)); the latter is more versatile and is far more common.

Derived terms edit

  • أوّلا(ʔawwalan, firstly, first of all)

Noun edit

أول (ʔawwalm

  1. beginning, start
    Synonym:بداية(bidāye)
    Antonyms:آخر(ʔāḵer), ⁧نهاية(nihāye)