ارتد

See also: أرتد‎, ازبد, and أزبد

ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the root ر د د(r-d-d); compare رَدَّ(radda, to return).

VerbEdit

اِرْتَدَّ (irtadda) VIII, non-past يَرْتَدُّ‎‎ (yartaddu) (intransitive)

  1. to move back quickly or forcefully
    1. to bounce back; to recoil
  2. (Islam, derogatory, of a convert) to revert عَن(ʿan, from) orthodoxy إِلَى(ʾilā, to) un-Islamic practices; to degenerate religiously; to regress; to backslide
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 2:217:
      وَلَا يَزَالُونَ يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ حَتَّى يَرُدُّوكُمْ عَنْ دِينِكُمْ إِنِ ٱسْتَطَاعُوا ۚ وَمَنْ يَرْتَدِدْ مِنْكُمْ عَنْ دِينِهِ فَيَمُتْ وَهُوَ كَافِرٌ فَأُولَٰئِكَ حَبِطَتْ أَعْمَالُهُمْ فِي ٱلدُّنْيَا وَٱلْآخِرَةِ
      walā yazālūna yuqātilūnakum ḥattā yaruddūkum ʿan dīnikum ʾini staṭāʿū waman yartadid minkum ʿan dīnihī fayamut wahuwa kāfirun fa-ʾulāʾika ḥabiṭat ʾaʿmāluhum fī d-dunyā wal-ʾāḵirati
      And they will yet fight you, that they may pull you back from your religion if they can. And who reverts from his religion and dies a nonbeliever, his deeds shall come to naught, in this life and the last!
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 5:54:
      يَا أَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مَن يَرْتَدَّ مِنْكُمْ عَن دِينِهِ فَسَوْفَ يَأْتِي ٱللَّهُ بِقَوْمٍ يُحِبُّهُمْ وَيُحِبُّونَهُ
      yā ʾayyuhā llaḏīna ʾāmanū man yartadda minkum ʿan dīnihi fasawfa yaʾtī llāhu biqawmin yuḥibbuhum wayuḥibbūnahu
      O you who have believed! Whoever of you switches back from his religion, Allah shall bring another people whom He loves and who love Him [in his stead].
    1. (Islam, derogatory) to turn, drift, shift, or fall away عَن(ʿan, from) Islam (especially openly or publicly), to leave or renounce Islam, to apostatize
  3. (copulative) to become; to turn back
    Hypernyms: see Thesaurus:صار
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 12:96:
      فَلَمَّا أَن جَاءَ الْبَشِيرُ أَلْقَاهُ عَلَى وَجْهِهِ فَٱرْتَدَّ بَصِيرًا
      falammā ʾan jāʾa l-bašīru ʾalqāhu ʿalā wajhihi fartadda baṣīran
      And when the bringer of glad tidings came to him, he threw it on his face, and he turned sighted.
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

اِرْتَدِ (irtadi) (form VIII)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of اِرْتَدَى(irtadā)