Urdu edit

 
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Etymology edit

Borrowed from Classical Persian بادشاه (bādšāh), from Arabic بَادْشَاه (bādšāh), from Classical Persian پادشاه (pādišāh). Compare Maithili बादसाह (bādᵊsāh) / 𑒥𑒰𑒠𑒮𑒰𑒯 (bādasāha), Punjabi ਬਾਦਸ਼ਾਹ (bādśāh) / بادْشاہ (bādśāh), Sindhi بادشاهُ / बादशाहु, Gujarati બાદશાહ (bādśāh), Marathi बादशहा (bādaśhā), Bengali বাদশাহ (badośah), Telugu పాదుషా (pāduṣā).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

بَادْشَاہ (bādśāhm (feminine مَلِکَہ (malika), Hindi spelling बादशाह)

  1. king
    Synonyms: شاہ (śāh), راجا (rājā)
  2. monarch
  3. Badshah, Padishah
  4. (chess, card games) king

Declension edit

Declension of بادشاہ
singular plural
direct بَادْشَاہ (bādśāh) بَادْشَاہ (bādśāh)
oblique بَادْشَاہ (bādśāh) بَادْشَاہوں (bādśāhō̃)
vocative بَادْشَاہ (bādśāh) بَادْشَاہو (bādśāhō)

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Chess pieces in Urdu · مہرے کے شطرنج (śatranj ke muhre) (layout · text)
           
بَادْشَاہ (bādśāh) وَزِیر (vazīr) رُخ (rux) فِیلَہ (fīla) گھوڑا (ghoṛā) پِیَادَہ (piyāda)
Playing cards in Urdu · تاش (tāś) (layout · text)
             
اِکّا (ikkā) دُکّا (dukkā) تِکّا (tikkā) چَوکا (caukā) پَن٘جا (pañjā) چَھکّا (chakkā) سَتّا (sattā)
             
اَٹّھا (aṭṭhā) نَہْلا (nahlā) دَہْلا (dahlā) غُلام (ġulām) بیگَم (begam) بادْشاہ (bādśāh) جوکَر (jokar)

References edit

  • بادشاہ”, in اُردُو لُغَت (urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971) “بادشاه”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co.
  • بادشاہ”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت (rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.