بلاذر

ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian [script needed] (bldwr, bltdwr, bltwr /baladūr/), whence also Persian بلادور(balâdur), Classical Syriac ܒܠܕܘܪ(ḇalāḏūr), ܒܠܬܕܘܪ(ḇalāṯdūr), ܒܠܬܘܪ(ḇalāṯūr), Hebrew בלאדור / בלדור(ḇalāḏūr) (or בלאזור / בלזור (ḇalāzūr), but likely this is a misreading), Middle Armenian պալատուր (palatur), Georgian ბალადური (baladuri). Indian borrowing, Sanskrit भल्लात (bhallāta), भल्लातक (bhallātaka, marking-nut plant).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

بَلاذُر or بَلاذِر (balāḏur or balāḏirm

  1. Malacca-bean, marking-nut (Semecarpus anacardium), harvest and tree)
  2. cashew (Anacardium gen. et spp. harvest and tree)

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • The marking-nut’s juice, apart from being used for dying clothes, was consumed in the Middle Ages, by Muslims and Jews, because one believed that it improves memory. However the hot and dry fruit, also employed against cold diseases and because of its heart shape against heart conditions – called fructus Anacardii orientalis by pharmacologists –, wreaks delirium and paralysis, and the 9th-century historian البلاذري (al-Balāḏuriyy) has died from drinking too much of it, hence his name. There was a pisgam for students: חזור חזור ואל תצטריך לבאלדור (hăzōr hăzōr wə-ʾal tiṣṭārēq lə-ḇalāḏūr, repeat, repeat, and you will not rely on marking-nut!)
  • The cashew-nut is a well-known ingredient of cuisine in the Modern Age, its genus Anacardium being only introduced from the New World.

ReferencesEdit

  • بلاذر” in Almaany
  • bldwr”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  •   بلاذراوية‎ on the Arabic Wikipedia.Wikipedia ar
  • Brodt, Eliezer (2007-08-31) , “In search of memory: towards an understanding of the Baladhur”, in The Seforim Blog PDF OAI[1]
  • Laufer, Berthold (1919) Sino-Iranica: Chinese contributions to the history of civilization in ancient Iran, with special reference to the history of cultivated plants and products (Fieldiana, Anthropology; 15), volume 3, Chicago: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, page 482
  • Löw, Immanuel (1928) Die Flora der Juden[2] (in German), volume 1, Wien und Leipzig: R. Löwit, pages 202–204