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ArabicEdit

 ترياق‎ on Arabic Wikipedia

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Aramaic תִּירְיָיקָא / תִּרְיָיקָא / תִּירְיָאקָא / תִּרְיָאקָא(teryāqā), תִּירְיָיקִי / תִּרְיָיקִי / תִּירְיָקִי / תִּרְיָקִי(teryāqī) /‎ ܬܸܪܝܲܩܹܐ / ܬܸܪܝܲܩܹܝ(teryaqē), from Ancient Greek θηριακή (thēriakḗ, antidote)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /tir.jaːq/, [tɪrˈjɑːq]

NounEdit

تِرْيَاق (tiryāqm (plural تَرَايِيق(tarāyīq))

  1. antidote, remedy, panacea
    • إِنَّ فِي عَجْوَةِ الْعَالِيَةِ شِفَاءً أَوْ إِنَّهَا تِرْيَاقٌ أَوَّلَ الْبُكْرَةِ
      ʾinna fī ʿajwantin ʾal-ʿāliyyati šifāʾan ʾaw ʾinnihā tiryāqu ʾawwala l-bukrati
      The pressed dates of Aliya contain healing effects and are an antidote in the early morning.
  2. antitoxin, theriac
    • a. 1350, Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, aṭ-ṭibb an-nabawī [The Prophetic Medicine]:
      بِغَمْسِ الذُّباب في الطعام إذا سقط فيه لأجل الشِّفَاء الذي في جناحه، وهو كالتِّرْياق للسُّمِّ
      bi-ġamsi l-ḏubābi fī ṭ-ṭaʿāmi ʾiḏā saqaṭa fīhi li-ʾajli š-šifāʿi llaḏī fī janāḥihi wa-huwa kat-tiryāqi lis-summi
      Dipping house flies in food if they fall in for the healing effects in their wings, which is like an antitoxin.
  3. alcohol, intoxicating drink
    Synonyms: عُقَار(ʿuqār), رَاح(rāḥ), نَبِيذ(nabīḏ), خَمْر(ḵamr), مُدَام(mudām)

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Persian: تریاق(taryâq, teryâq) (archaic)

ReferencesEdit

  • tryqˀ”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 262
  • Shahîd, Irfan (2010) Byzantium and the Arabs in the Sixth Century. Volume II: Part 2: Economic, Social, and Cultural History, Washington D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, page 143