See also: حظ and حط

Arabic edit

 
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Etymology edit

From the root خ ط ط (ḵ-ṭ-ṭ). Cognate to Nabataean Aramaic 𐢊𐢋𐢋 (to pull out; to engrave), Jewish Babylonian Aramaic חֲטַט (ḥăṭaṭ, to dig out, to hollow out, to excavate), Classical Syriac ܚܰܛ (ḥaṭṭ, to dig out; to excavate; to carve), Akkadian 𒄩𒁕𒂅 (ḫa-ṭa-ṭu /⁠ḫaṭāṭu⁠/, to dig out; to dredge; to make an incision).

Pronunciation edit

  • Verb: IPA(key): /xatˤ.tˤa/
  • Noun: IPA(key): /xatˤtˤ/
  • (file)

Verb edit

خَطَّ (ḵaṭṭa) I, non-past يَخُطُّ‎ (yaḵuṭṭu)

  1. to draw a line
  2. to draw
  3. to write
  4. to carve, inscribe
  5. to outline, mark

Conjugation edit

Noun edit

خَطّ (ḵaṭṭm (plural خُطُوط (ḵuṭūṭ))

  1. verbal noun of خَطَّ (ḵaṭṭa) (form I)
  2. (writing, railroad, telephony, supply) line
    • 2017 October 1, “تسرب خطوط الغاز بقرية "ترسا" فى الفيوم.. وقطع الخدمة لحين إصلاح العطل”, in Bawwāba Aḵbār Maṣr[1], archived from the original on 13 November 2017:
      وبالانتقال والفحص تبين تسرب غاز من المواسير الأرضية بخط الغاز الرئيسى المغذى للقرية.
      And through the passthrough and the inspection it came to light the leakage of gas from the earth pipes through the main gas supply line of the village.
  3. stroke
  4. stripe
  5. ridge
  6. handwriting
  7. calligraphy
  8. script

Declension edit

Descendants edit

  • Armenian: ղաթ, խաթ (ġatʿ, xatʿ)
  • Gulf Arabic: خط (ḵaṭ(ṭ))
  • Maltese: ħatt
  • Azerbaijani: xətt
  • Bashkir: хат (xat)
  • Northern Kurdish: xet
  • Ottoman Turkish: خط (hat)
  • Persian: خط (xatt)
  • Turkmen: hat
  • Uzbek: xat

References edit

  • Баранов, Х. К. (2011), “خط”, in Большой арабско-русский словарь (Bolʹšoj arabsko-russkij slovarʹ), 11th edition, Москва: Живой язык, →ISBN
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “خط”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “خط”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Wehr, Hans (1960), “خط”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 3rd edition, Ithaca, NY: Otto Harrassowitz

Gulf Arabic edit

Etymology edit

Root
خ ط ط
1 term

From Arabic خَطّ (ḵaṭṭ).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

خَط (ḵaṭṭm (plural خْطوط (ḵṭūṭ))

  1. line
  2. queue, line (usually to refer to a line in a queue with multiple lines)
    Synonym: طابور (ṭābūr)
    لا تعدي الخطlā tʕaddi l-ḵaṭṭDon't skip the line
  3. handwriting
    خطچ حلوḵaṭṭič ḥiluYour handwriting is pretty
  4. calligraphy
  5. script
    خط الرقعةḵaṭṭ ir-ruqʕaRuqʿa script
  6. (typography, computing) font
    خط مفتوح المصدرḵaṭ maftūḥ il-maṣdarAn open-source font
  7. SIM card, (by extension) phone number
    اول ما توصول الكويت اشترلك خط يديد
    awwal mā tōṣaḷ li-kwēt ištar-lik ḵaṭṭ yidīd
    Buy yourself a new SIM card/phone number once you arrive in Kuwait
  8. (euphemistic, humorous) buttocks

Ottoman Turkish edit

Etymology edit

From Arabic خَطّ (ḵaṭṭ).

Noun edit

خط (hat) (plural خطوط (hutut))

  1. line (symbol)
  2. (military) line
  3. line (railroad track)

Descendants edit

Persian edit

 
Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Arabic خَطّ (ḵaṭṭ).

Pronunciation edit

 

Readings
Classical reading? xatt
Dari reading? xatt
Iranian reading? xatt
Tajik reading? xatt

Noun edit

Dari خط
Iranian Persian
Tajik хат

خط (xatt) (plural خطوط (xotut) or خط‌ها (xatt-hâ))

  1. handwriting
  2. script
  3. written character
  4. (geometry) line

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

Urdu edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Classical Persian خط (xat), from Arabic خَطّ (ḵaṭṭ).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

خط (xatm (Hindi spelling ख़त)

  1. letter
  2. correspondence

Synonyms edit