خود

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PersianEdit

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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Persian BNPŠE / 𐭡𐭭𐭯𐭱𐭤 ‎(xwad), from Old Persian [script needed] ‎(huva), from Proto-Iranian *hṷabya-, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sṷe- ‎(reflexive pronoun), from the Proto-Indo-European *se.[1] (compare Avestan [script needed] ‎(xʷaδata))

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

خود ‎(xod)

  1. (reflexive) oneself
    • 2009, شادمهر عقیلی، تقدیر (Shadmehr Aghili, Taqdir)
      تو با خودت هم دشمنی.
      To bâ xodet ham došmani.
      You are an enemy even with yourself.
  2. (emphatic) one's own
    مادر خودت رو نمی‌شناسی؟
    Mâdar-e xodet ro nemi-šnâsi?
    Don't you recognize your own mother?
SynonymsEdit
  • (reflexive, oneself): خویش ‎(xiš)

NounEdit

خود ‎(xod)

  1. self
Usage notesEdit

In Modern Persian, when used as a noun, خود ‎(xod) is often followed by a personal pronoun suffix, e.g. خودم ‎(xodam, my self), خودت ‎(xodat, your self), etc.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pokorny 992

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Parthian xwwd ‎(*xōδ, helmet), from Old Iranian. The Parthian word is cognate with Old Persian 𐎧𐎢𐎭𐎠 ‎(xaudā-, hat), Avestan [script needed] ‎(xaoδa-, helmet), Ossetian ходӕ ‎(xodæ, hat). The native inherited form of the Persian is خوی ‎(xoy). Akin to Old Armenian խոյր ‎(xoyr), արտախոյր ‎(artaxoyr), Georgian ხვირი ‎(xviri), Arabic خوذة ‎(xūḏa(t)), Iranian borrowings.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

خود ‎(xud) ‎(plural خودها ‎(xud-hâ))

  1. helmet

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “խոյր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
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