خود

PersianEdit

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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Persian BNPŠE / 𐭡𐭭𐭯𐭱𐭤 (xwad), from Old Persian [script?] (huva), from Proto-Iranian *hṷabya-, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sṷe- (reflexive pronoun), from the Proto-Indo-European *se-.[1] (compare Avestan [script?] (xʷaδata))

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

خود (xod)

  1. (reflexive) oneself
    • 2009, شادمهر عقیلی، تقدیر (Shadmehr Aghili, Taqdir)
      تو با خودت هم دشمنی.
      To bâ xodet ham došmani.
      You are an enemy even with yourself.
  2. (emphatic) one's own
    مادر خودت رو نمی‌شناسی؟
    Mâdar-e xodet ro nemi-šnâsi?
    Don't you recognize your own mother?
SynonymsEdit
  • (reflexive, oneself): خویش (xiš)

NounEdit

خود (xod)

  1. self
Usage notesEdit

In Modern Persian, when used as a noun, خود (xod) is often followed by a personal pronoun suffix, e.g. خودم (xodam, my self), خودت (xodat, your self), etc.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Parthian [Manichaean?] (xōδ, helmet), from Old Iranian. Compare Old Persian 𐎧𐎢𐎭𐎠 (xaudā-, hat) and Iranian borrowings: Old Armenian խոյր (xoyr), Arabic خوذة (xūḏa(t)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

خود (xud) (plural خودها)

  1. helmet

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pokorny 992
Last modified on 28 January 2014, at 19:52