Algerian Arabic

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Etymology

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From Arabic خَيْر (ḵayr).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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خير (ḵīrm

  1. goodness, good

Arabic

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Root
خ ي ر (ḵ y r)
8 terms

Pronunciation

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Noun

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خَيْر (ḵayrm (plural خِيَار (ḵiyār) or خُيُور (ḵuyūr) or أَخْيَار (ʔaḵyār))

  1. goodness, good
    بِخَيْرٍbiḵayrinwell
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 17:11:
      وَيَدْعُ ٱلْإِنْسَانُ بِٱلشَّرِّ دُعَاءَهُ بِٱلْخَيْرِ
      wayadʕu l-ʔinsānu bi-š-šarri duʕāʔahū bi-l-ḵayri
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 99:7-8:
      فَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ خَيْرًا يَرَهُ / وَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ شَرًّا يَرَهُ
      fa-man yaʕmal miṯqāla ḏarratin ḵayran yarahu / wa-man yaʕmal miṯqāla ḏarratin šarran yarahu
      So whoever does an atom's weight of good will see it, / And whoever does an atom's weight of evil will see it.
  2. charity; welfare
  3. (archaic) wealth; money
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 100:8:
      وَإِنَّهُ لِحُبِّ ٱلْخَيْرِ لَشَدِيدٌ
      waʔinnahu liḥubbi l-ḵayri lašadīdun
      And indeed he is, in love of wealth, intense.

Declension

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Antonyms

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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Verb

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خَيَّرَ (ḵayyara) II, non-past يُخَيِّرُ‎ (yuḵayyiru)

  1. to grant a choice, to let choose

Conjugation

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Adjective

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خَيْر (ḵayr)

  1. better; best

Derived terms

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Adjective

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خَيِّر (ḵayyir) (feminine خَيِّرَة (ḵayyira), common plural أَخْيَار (ʔaḵyār) or خِيَار (ḵiyār), masculine plural خَيِّرُونَ (ḵayyirūna), feminine plural خَيِّرَات (ḵayyirāt), elative خَيْر (ḵayr))

  1. beneficent, benevolent

Declension

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Antonyms

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References

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Hijazi Arabic

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Root
خ ي ر
1 term

Etymology 1

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From Arabic خَيْر (ḵayr).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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خير (ḵērm (plural أَخْيَار (ʔaḵyār))

  1. goodness, good
  2. wealth

Etymology 2

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From Arabic خَيَّرَ (ḵayyara).

Pronunciation

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Verb

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خَيَّر (ḵayyar) II (non-past يِخَيِّر (yiḵayyir))

  1. to grant a choice, to let choose
Conjugation
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    Conjugation of خير (ḵayyar)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m خيرت (ḵayyart) خيرت (ḵayyart) خير (ḵayyar) خيرنا (ḵayyarna) خيرتوا (ḵayyartu) خيروا (ḵayyaru)
f خيرتي (ḵayyarti) خيرت (ḵayyarat)
non-past m أخير (ʔaḵayyir) تخير (tiḵayyir) يخير (yiḵayyir) نخير (niḵayyir) تخيروا (tiḵayyiru) يخيروا (yiḵayyiru)
f تخيري (tiḵayyiri) تخير (tiḵayyir)
imperative m خير (ḵayyir) خيروا (ḵayyiru)
f خيري (ḵayyiri)

South Levantine Arabic

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Root
خ ي ر
3 terms

Etymology 1

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /xaj.jar/, [ˈxaj.jar]
  • Audio (al-Lidd):(file)

Verb

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خيّر (ḵayyar) II (present بخيّر (biḵayyir))

  1. to make (someone) choose, to give (someone) a choice
    إذا لا سمح الله ارتكبت جريمة كبيرة وخيّروك إنّه يحكموا عليك بالإعدام أو السجن المؤبد، إيش بتختار؟
    ʔiza la samaḥ ʔaḷḷa rtakabt jarīme kbīre w-ḵayyarūk ʔinno yoḥkomu ʕalēk bil-ʔiʕdām ʔaw is-sijn li-mʔabbad, ʔēš btiḵtār?
    If, God forbid, you committed a major crime and you had to choose (literally: they made you choose) [between] them sentencing you to death or life imprisonment, what would you choose?
Conjugation
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    Conjugation of خيّر (ḵayyar)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m خيّرت (ḵayyart) خيّرت (ḵayyart) خيّر (ḵayyar) خيّرنا (ḵayyarna) خيّرتو (ḵayyartu) خيّرو (ḵayyaru)
f خيّرتي (ḵayyarti) خيّرت (ḵayyarat)
present m بخيّر (baḵayyer) بتخيّر (bitḵayyer) بخيّر (biḵayyer) منخيّر (minḵayyer) بتخيّرو (bitḵayyru) بخيّرو (biḵayyru)
f بتخيّري (bitḵayyri) بتخيّر (bitḵayyer)
subjunctive m اخيّر (aḵayyer) تخيّر (tḵayyer) يخيّر (yḵayyer) نخيّر (nḵayyer) تخيّرو (tḵayyru) يخيّرو (yḵayyru)
f تخيّري (tḵayyri) تخيّر (tḵayyer)
imperative m خيّر (ḵayyer) خيّرو (ḵayyru)
f خيّري (ḵayyri)

Etymology 2

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Semi-learned borrowing from Arabic خَيْر (ḵayr).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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خير (ḵēr, ḵayrm

  1. goodness, good