Baluchi

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Classical Persian دوسْت (dōst).

Noun

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دوست (dost)

  1. friend

Chagatai

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Etymology

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Derived from Classical Persian دوسْت (dōst), from Middle Persian [script needed] (dwst' /⁠dōst⁠/), from Old Persian 𐎭𐎢𐏁𐎫𐎠 (d-u-š-t-a /⁠daušta⁠/).

Noun

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دوست (dost) (plural دوستلار)

  1. friend

Pashto

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Classical Persian دوسْت (dōst).

Noun

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دوست (dostm (plural دوستان (dostân))

  1. (obsolete, unfashionable) friend
    Synonym: ملګری (mëlgëray)

Declension

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References

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  • Raverty, H. G. (1867) “دوست”, in A dictionary of the Puk'hto, Pus'hto, or language of the Afghans: with remarks on the originality of the language, and its affinity to other oriental tongues, London: Williams & Nortgate

Persian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Middle Persian 𐭣𐭥𐭮𐭲𐭩 (dwst' /⁠dōst⁠/), from Old Persian 𐎭𐎢𐏁𐎫𐎠 (d-u-š-t-a /⁠dauštā⁠/, friend, lover), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́awštā́ (one who loves), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵéws-tōr ~ *ǵus-tr-és. Cognate with Sanskrit जोष्टा (joṣṭā, lover).

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? dōst
Dari reading? dōst
Iranian reading? dust
Tajik reading? düst
  • Audio (Iran):(file)

Noun

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Dari دوست
Iranian Persian
Tajik дӯст

دوسْت (dust) (plural دوستان (dustân) or دوست‌ها (dust-hâ))

  1. friend
    Synonym: جورِه (jure)

Inflection

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    Enclitic-attached forms of دوست (dust) (Iranian Persian)
    Basic forms of دوست (dust)
singular plural
bare دوست
(dust)
دوست‌ها
(dust-hấ)
دوستا
(dustấ)
definitive direct object دوست را
(dust râ)
دوست رو
(dusto)
دوست‌ها را
(dust-hấ râ)
دوستا رو
(dustấ ro)
ezâfe دوست
(dust-e)
دوست‌های
(dust-hấ-ye)
دوستای
(dustấ-ye)
marked indefinite
or relative definite
دوستی
(dust-i)
دوست‌هایی
(dustấn-i, dust-hấ-i)
دوستایی
(dustấi)
Colloquial.
    Possessive forms of دوست (dust)
singular plural
1st person singular
(“my”)
دوستم
(dustam)
دوست‌هایم
(dust-hấyam)
دوست‌هام، دوستام
(dustấm)
2nd person singular
(“your”)
دوستت
(dustat)
[Term?]
(dustet)
دوست‌هایت
(dust-hấyat)
دوست‌هات، دوستات
(dustất)
3rd person singular
(“his, her, its”)
دوستش
(dustaš)
[Term?]
(dusteš)
دوست‌هایش
(dust-hấyaš)
دوست‌هاش، دوستاش
(dustấš)
1st plural
(“our”)
دوستمان
(dustemân)
دوستمون
(dustemun)
دوست‌هایمان
(dust-hấyemân)
دوست‌هامون، دوستامون
(dustấmun)
2nd plural
(“your”)
دوستتان
(dustetân)
دوستتون
(dustetun)
دوست‌هایتان
(dust-hấyetân)
دوست‌هاتون، دوستاتون
(dustấtun)
3rd plural
(“their”)
دوستشان
(dustešân)
دوستشون
(dustešun)
دوست‌هایشان
(dust-hấyešân)
دوست‌هاشون، دوستاشون
(dustấšun)
Colloquial.
    Enclitic-attached forms of دوست (dōst) (Dari Persian)
    Basic forms of دوست (dōst)
(Classical and Dari Persian)
singular plural
bare دوست
(dōst)
دوست‌ها
(dōst-hā́)
definitive direct object دوست را
(dōst rā́)
دوست ره
(dōsta)
دوست‌ها را
(dōst-hā́ rā́)
دوستا ره
(dōstā́ ra)
izāfa دوست
(dōst-i)
دوست‌های
(dōst-hā́-yi)
دوستای
(dōstā́-yi)
marked indefinite / relative definite دوستی
(dōst-ē)
دوست‌هایی
(dōstā́n-ē, dōst-hā́-ē)
دوستایی
(dōstā́-yē)
Colloquial Dari.
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    Possessive forms of دوست (dōst)
singular plural
1st person singular
(“my”)
دوستم
(dōstam)
دوست‌هایم
(dōst-hā́yam)
دوستایم
(dōstā́ym)
2nd person singular
(“your”)
دوستت
(dōstat)
دوست‌هایت
(dōst-hā́yat)
دوستایت
(dōstā́yt)
3rd person singular
(“his, her, its”)
دوستش
(dōstaš)
دوستشِی
(dōstšī)
دوست‌هایش
(dōst-hā́yaš)
دوستایش
(dōstā́yš)
1st plural
(“our”)
دوستمان
(dōstimān)
دوستما
(dōstimā)
دوست‌هایمان
(dōst-hā́yimān)
دوستایما
(dōstā́ymā)
2nd plural
(“your”)
دوستتان
(dōstitān)
دوست‌هایتان
(dōst-hā́yitān)
دوستایتان
(dōstā́ytān)
3rd plural
(“their”)
دوستشان
(dōstišān)
دوست‌هایشان
(dōst-hā́yišān)
دوستایشان
(dōstā́yšān)
Colloquial.

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Urdu

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Urdu Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ur

Etymology

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Borrowed from Classical Persian دوسْت (dōst), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵews- (to taste, to try).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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دوسْت (dostm (Hindi spelling दोस्त)

  1. friend
    Synonyms: یار (yār), مِتْر (mitr)

Declension

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Declension of دوست
singular plural
direct دوست (dost) دوست (dost)
oblique دوست (dost) دوستوں (dostō̃)
vocative دوست (dost) دوستو (dostō)
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References

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  • دوست”, in اُردُو لُغَت (urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • دوست”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت (rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.

Uyghur

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Other scripts
Perso-Arabic دوست
Latin dost
Cyrillic дост

Etymology

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From Chagatai دوست, from Classical Persian دوسْت (dōst), from Middle Persian [script needed] (dwst' /⁠dōst⁠/), from Old Persian 𐎭𐎢𐏁𐎫𐎠 (d-u-š-t-a /⁠daušta⁠/).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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دوست (dost) (plural دوستلار (dostlar))

  1. friend
    Synonyms: ئاداش (adash), ئاغىنە (aghine), ئۈلپەت (ülpet)
    دۈشمەننىڭ دۈشمىنى دوست.
    düshmenning düshmini dost.
    An enemy of an enemy is a friend.

Usage notes

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دوست (dost) is the regular term for a friend, while ئاداش (adash) refers to close friends. However, ئاداش (adash) should be used to strangers to show politeness. ئاغىنە (aghine) is used for contemporaries, while ئۈلپەت (ülpet) refers to companions at work, or whom one is collaborating with.