Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From the root ز ع ل (z-ʕ-l).

Verb edit

زَعِلَ (zaʕila) I, non-past يَزْعَلُ‎ (yazʕalu)

  1. (obsolete) to prance, to leap, to spring
  2. (obsolete) to exult, to become lively, to become brisk, to behave agilely
  3. (informal) to be miffed, to be mad, to be surly, to huff

Conjugation edit

Verb edit

زَعَّلَ (zaʕʕala) II, non-past يُزَعِّلُ‎ (yuzaʕʕilu)

  1. (informal) to madden, to make surly

Conjugation edit

Noun edit

زَعَل (zaʕalm

  1. verbal noun of زَعِلَ (zaʕila) (form I)

Declension edit

Adjective edit

زَعِل (zaʕil)

  1. (obsolete) lively, brisk
  2. (informal) miffed, mad, surly

Declension edit

References edit

  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881), “زعل”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 1, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 593
  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “زعل”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 238–239
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “زعل”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 1232
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “زعل”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 438
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “زعل”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 524

South Levantine Arabic edit

Root
ز ع ل
2 terms

Etymology 1 edit

From Arabic زَعِلَ (zaʕila).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /zi.ʕil/, [ˈzi.ʕɪl]
  • (file)

Verb edit

زعل (ziʕil) I (present بزعل (bizʕal))

  1. to get upset
  2. to get angry
    Synonyms: عصّب (ʕaṣṣab), حمق (ḥimiʔ)
Conjugation edit
    Conjugation of زعل (ziʕil)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m زعلت (zʕilt) زعلت (zʕilt) زعل (ziʕil) زعلنا (zʕilna) زعلتو (zʕiltu) زعلو (ziʕlu)
f زعلتي (zʕilti) زعلت (ziʕlat)
present m بزعل (bazʕal) بتزعل (btizʕal) بزعل (bizʕal) منزعل (mnizʕal) بتزعلو (btizʕalu) بزعلو (bizʕalu)
f بتزعلي (btizʕali) بتزعل (btizʕal)
subjunctive m أزعل (ʔazʕal) تزعل (tizʕal) يزعل (yizʕal) نزعل (nizʕal) تزعلو (tizʕalu) يزعلو (yizʕalu)
f تزعلي (tizʕali) تزعل (tizʕal)
imperative m ازعل (izʕal) ازعلو (izʕalu)
f ازعلي (izʕali)
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Arabic زَعَّل (zaʕʕal).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /zaʕ.ʕal/, [ˈzaʕ.ʕal]
  • (file)

Verb edit

زعّل (zaʕʕal) II (present بزعّل (bizaʕʕel))

  1. (transitive) to upset
  2. to annoy, to make someone angry
Conjugation edit
    Conjugation of زعّل (zaʕʕal)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m زعّلت (zaʕʕalt) زعّلت (zaʕʕalt) زعّل (zaʕʕal) زعّلنا (zaʕʕalna) زعّلتو (zaʕʕaltu) زعّلو (zaʕʕalu)
f زعّلتي (zaʕʕalti) زعّلت (zaʕʕalat)
present m بزعّل (bazaʕʕel) بتزعّل (bitzaʕʕel) بزعّل (bizaʕʕel) منزعّل (minzaʕʕel) بتزعّلو (bitzaʕʕlu) بزعّلو (bizaʕʕlu)
f بتزعّلي (bitzaʕʕli) بتزعّل (bitzaʕʕel)
subjunctive m ازعّل (azaʕʕel) تزعّل (tzaʕʕel) يزعّل (yzaʕʕel) نزعّل (nzaʕʕel) تزعّلو (tzaʕʕlu) يزعّلو (yzaʕʕlu)
f تزعّلي (tzaʕʕli) تزعّل (tzaʕʕel)
imperative m زعّل (zaʕʕel) زعّلو (zaʕʕlu)
f زعّلي (zaʕʕli)

Etymology 3 edit

From Arabic زَعَل (zaʕal).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /za.ʕal/, [ˈza.ʕal]
  • (file)

Noun edit

زعل (zaʕalm

  1. anger, irritation, annoyance
  2. distress, upset