زمان

See also: رمان

ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

With the alternative form زَمَن(zaman) an old loan, becoming productive in the root ز م ن(z-m-n), perhaps directly borrowed from or from a close Aramaic relative to Imperial Aramaic 𐡆𐡌𐡍(zmn), 𐡆𐡌𐡀𐡍(zmʾn), borrowed from a late pronunciation of the religiously relevant Old Persian *jamānā (time), reconstructible for Proto-Iranian *ǰámaHnaH, of a native derivation type from Proto-Indo-European.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

زَمَان (zamānm (plural أَزْمِنَة(ʾazmina))

  1. (uncountable and countable) time
    Coordinate term: مَكَان(makān)
    Synonym: زَمَن(zaman)
  2. age (A particular period of time in history)
  3. season
    أزمنة السّنة هي: الخريف والشّتاء والرّبيع والصّيف
    The seasons of the year are: autumn, winter, spring and summer.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Maltese: żmien

ReferencesEdit

  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “زمان”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 256
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “زمن”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 444

MalayEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Persian زمان(zamân).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

زمان (Rumi spelling zaman‎, plural زمان٢‎)

  1. age (particular period of time in history)

PersianEdit

 
Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (ODNA), [Book Pahlavi needed] (ẕmʾn'), [Book Pahlavi needed] (zmn'), 𐫉𐫖𐫀𐫗(zmʾn /zamān/), from Old Persian *jamānā.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Dari Persian زمان
Iranian Persian
Tajik замон (zamon)

زمان (zamân)

  1. time (referring to a broad time period like epoch, period, season, etc. It is not the type of time that one reads from a watch or a clock)
  2. (physics) time
  3. season
  4. epoch
  5. (grammar) tense
  6. death

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


South Levantine ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic زَمَان(zamān).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /za.maːn/, [zaˈmæːn], [zaˈmaːn]
  • (file)

NounEdit

زمان (zamānm (plural زمانات(zamānāt))

  1. time, period, era (in the past)
    على زمان الأتراك‎‎ ― ʕala zamān il-ʔatrākin the Ottoman period (literally, “in the time of the Turks”)
  2. (definite) long ago
    انتا متذكر كيف كانت أيّام زمان؟‎‎
    enta mitzakker kīf kānat ʔayyām zamān?
    Do you remember how the old days used to be?
    (literally, “Do you remember how the days of long ago were?”)
    ما شفته من زمان.‎‎
    mā šufto min zamān.
    I haven't seen him in a long time.
    (literally, “I didn't see him since long ago.”)

See alsoEdit

  • وقت(waʔt, time)
  • مرّة(marra, time, instance)