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Ottoman TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Persian زیان(ziyân).

NounEdit

زیان (ziyân)

  1. hurt
  2. harm
  3. injury
  4. damage
  5. loss
  6. mischief

PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (zydʾn' /zyān/, loss, harm, damage), from Proto-Indo-Iranian. Cognate with Parthian 𐫉𐫏𐫀𐫗(zyʾn /zyān/, loss, harm, damage, destruction), Avestan 𐬰𐬌𐬌𐬁𐬥𐬁(ziiānā, damage), Sanskrit ज्यान (jyāna, oppression), as well as the Iranian borrowings: Old Armenian զեան (zean), Jewish Babylonian Aramaic [script needed] (zīyanā), Classical Mandaic ࡆࡀࡉࡉࡍࡀ(zāyinā).

NounEdit

زیان (ziyân)

  1. damage
  2. detriment
  3. injury
  4. loss

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “զեան”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 89
  • Berneker, Erich (1908–1913) Slavisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Winter, page 440
  • Horn, Paul (1893) Grundriss der neupersischen Etymologie (in German), Strasbourg: K.J. Trübner, page 150
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 150
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 602–603