See also: شام

ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Derived from the active participle of سَمَا(samā, to be high, to be exalted) from the root س م و(s-m-w).

AdjectiveEdit

سَامٍ (sāmin) (informal سَامِي(sāmī), feminine سَامِيَة(sāmiya), masculine plural سُمَاة(sumāh), feminine plural سَامِيَات(sāmiyāt), elative أَسْمَى(ʾasmā))

  1. high, lofty
  2. exalted, sublime
  3. emanating from the sultan or vizier
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Derived from the active participle of سَمَّ(samma, to poison).

AdjectiveEdit

سَامّ (sāmm) (feminine سَامَّة(sāmma), feminine plural سَامَّات(sāmmāt) or سَوَامّ(sawāmm))

  1. poisonous, toxic
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From the root س و م(s-w-m).

VerbEdit

سَامَ (sāma) I, non-past يَسُومُ‎‎ (yasūmu)

  1. (obsolete) to rove, to pasture (camels, sheep, birds …)
  2. to offer for sale [+accusative = the commodity] [+accusative = to whom]
  3. to urge, to demand, to compel, to impose, and the like [+accusative = what] [+accusative = whom]
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Borrowed from Classical Syriac ܣܳܡ(sām, to constitute, to establish, to set, to place, to install).

VerbEdit

سَامَ (sāma) I, non-past يَسُومُ‎‎ (yasūmu)

  1. (with the Christians) to ordain for ecclesiastical office
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 5Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Proper nounEdit

سَام (sāmm

  1. Shem
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

سَام (sāmm

  1. death
    • حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رُمْحِ بْنِ الْمُهَاجِرِ، أَخْبَرَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ عُقَيْلٍ، عَنِ ٱبْنِ شِهَابٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو سَلَمَةَ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ وَسَعِيدُ بْنُ الْمُسَيَّبِ، أَنَّ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، أَخْبَرَهُمَا أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ‏ ‏«إِنَّ فِي الْحَبَّةِ السَّوْدَاءِ شِفَاءً مِنْ كُلِّ دَاءٍ إِلَّا السَّامَ»‏.‏ وَٱلسَّامُ الْمَوْتُ‏.‏ وَٱلْحَبَّةُ السَّوْدَاءُ الشُّونِيزُ‏.‏
      ḥaddaṯanā muḥammadu bnu rumḥi bni l-muhājiri, ʾaḵbaranā l-layṯu, ʿan ʿuqaylin, ʿani bni šihābin, ʾaḵbaranī ʾabū salamata bnu ʿabdi r-raḥmani wasaʿīdu bnu l-musayyabi, ʾanna ʾabā hurayrata, ʾaḵbarahumā ʾannahu samiʿa rasūla l-lahi ṣallā llāhu ʿalayhi wasallama yaqūlu “ʾinna fī l-ḥabbati s-sawdāʾi šifāʾan min kulli dāʾin ʾillā s-sāma”. was-sāmu l-mawtu. wal-ḥabbatu s-sawdāʾu š-šūnīzu.
      […] God’s Prophet (ﷺ) says: “Blackseed is a cure of every disease short of fatality.” Fatality is death, blackseed is swartzcummel.
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • swm”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • سام” in Almaany
  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881) , “س و م”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 1, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 708
  • Freytag, Georg (1833) , “س و م”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 378–379
  • Lane, Edward William (1863) , “س و م”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, pages 1474–1475
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884) , “سام”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[1], London: W.H. Allen, page 475
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985) , “سام”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 543
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985) , “س م م”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 595
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985) , “س و م”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, pages 616–617

PersianEdit

 
Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *ćyaHmás, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱyeh₁-mó-s (black, dark), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱeh₃- (darkness, shadow). Cognate with Avestan 𐬯𐬁𐬨𐬀(sāma, black), Sanskrit श्याम (śyāma). Related to سیاه(siyâh, black), and سیاوش(siyâvaš).

NounEdit

سام (sâm)

  1. fire
  2. flame

Proper nounEdit

سام (sâm)

  1. A male given name, Sam or Saam.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Possibly related to آماس(âmâs, swell, swelling). Compare Arabic سام(sām, death) (possibly). (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

سام (sâm)

  1. swell, swelling
  2. (by extension) disease

Etymology 3Edit

From Arabic سَامّ(sāmm).

AdjectiveEdit

سام (sâm)

  1. poisonous
  2. toxic

ReferencesEdit