سلطان

ArabicEdit

 
Suleiman I of the Ottoman Empire

EtymologyEdit

From Aramaic שׁוּלְטָנָא‎ / ܫܘܼܠܛܵܢܵܐ(šulṭānā, power), compare the root س ل ط(s-l-ṭ).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

سُلْطَان (sulṭānm or f (usually uncountable)

  1. power, strength
  2. rule, dominion
  3. authority
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 53:23:
      إِنْ هِيَ إِلَّا أَسْمَاءٌ سَمَّيْتُمُوهَا أَنْتُمْ وَآبَاؤُكُم مَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ بِهَا مِن سُلْطَانٍ إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَمَا تَهْوَى الأَنْفُسُ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَهُم مِن رَبِّهِمُ الهُدَى
      ʾin hiya ʾillā ʾasmāʾun sammaytumūhā ʾantum wa-ʾābāʾukum mā ʾanzala l-lahu bihā min sulṭānin ʾin yattabiʿūna ʾillā ẓ-ẓanna wa-mā tahwā l-ʾanfusu wa-laqad jāʾahum min rabbihimu l-hudā
      These are but names which you have coined —you and your fathers— for which God has not sent down any authority. They follow nothing but conjectures and the desires of the [lower] soul, while there has already come to them the guidance from their Lord.
  4. mandate, authorization
  5. proof, evidence, an argument or case against
  6. a plea, an allegation, the grounds or basis for one's case being superior
  7. justification

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

سُلْطَان (sulṭānm (plural سَلَاطِين(salāṭīn))

  1. sultan

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit


MalayEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic سلطان‎.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

سلطان (plural سلطان٢‎, informal 1st possessive سلطانکو‎, impolite 2nd possessive سلطانمو‎, 3rd possessive سلطانڽ‎)

  1. sultan

Further readingEdit


Ottoman TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic سلطان‎.

NounEdit

سلطان (sultan)

  1. sultan

DescendantsEdit


PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān).

NounEdit

سلطان (soltân)

  1. sultan
  2. king

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Related termsEdit


UrduEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Classical Persian سلطان(sultān), from Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān).

NounEdit

سلطان (sultānm (Hindi spelling सुल्तान)

  1. sultan
  2. king