See also: شم

Arabic

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Etymology 1

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Root
س م م (s m m)
3 terms

Compare Hebrew סַם.

Pronunciation 1

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  • Audio:(file)

Verb

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سَمَّ (samma) I, non-past يَسُمُّ‎ (yasummu)

  1. to poison, to put poison
Conjugation
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Pronunciation 2

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Noun

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سُمّ (summm (plural سُمُوم (sumūm) or سِمَام (simām))

  1. poison, toxin
  2. venom
  3. opening, hole
  4. eye (of a needle)
Declension
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Descendants
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  • Swahili: sumu

Etymology 2

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Noun

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سَمّ (sammm

  1. verbal noun of سَمَّ (samma) (form I)
Declension
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Noun

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سَمّ (sammm (plural سُمُوم (sumūm))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 7:40:
      إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا وَٱسْتَكْبَرُوا عَنْهَا لَا تُفَتَّحُ لَهُمْ أَبْوَابُ ٱلسَّمَاءِ وَلَا يَدْخُلُونَ ٱلْجَنَّةَ حَتَّى يَلِجَ ٱلْجَمَلُ فِي سَمِّ ٱلْخِيَاطِ
      ʔinna llaḏīna kaḏḏabū bi-ʔāyātinā wa-stakbarū ʕanhā lā tufattaḥu lahum ʔabwābu s-samāʔi wa-lā yadḵulūna l-jannata ḥattā yalija l-jamalu fī sammi l-ḵiyāṭi
      Indeed, those who deny Our verses and are arrogant toward them: the gates of Heaven will not be opened for them, nor will they enter Paradise until a camel enters into the eye of a needle.
Declension
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Etymology 3

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Verb

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سِمْ (sim) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of وَسَمَ (wasama)

Verb

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سُمْ (sum) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of وَسُمَ (wasuma)

Etymology 4

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Verb

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سَمِّ (sammi) (form II)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of سَمَّى (sammā)

Khalaj

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Noun

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سُم (sum, süm) (definite accusative سُمۆ or سُموُ, plural سُملَر or سُملار)

  1. Arabic spelling of sum, süm (hoof)

Declension

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Moroccan Arabic

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Root
س م م
2 terms

Etymology

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From Arabic سُمّ (summ).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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سُم or سَم (summ or sammm (plural سموم (smūm) or سمومة (smūma))

  1. poison, toxin
  2. (figuratively) jealousy
    علاش فيك السم؟
    ʕlāš fīk es-samm
    Why are you jealous?
    (literally, “Why is there poison inside you?”)

Descendants

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Ottoman Turkish

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Etymology

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From Arabic سُمّ (summ, poison, toxin, venom).

Noun

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سم (sem, semm) (plural سمام)

  1. poison, venom
    Synonyms: اغو (ağu), اوت (ot), زهر (zehr)
  2. hole, perforation

Descendants

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Further reading

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  • Kélékian, Diran (1911) “سم”, in Dictionnaire turc-français[1], Constantinople: Mihran, page 690
  • Meninski, Franciszek à Mesgnien (1687) “Venenum”, in Complementum thesauri linguarum orientalium, seu onomasticum latino-turcico-arabico-persicum, simul idem index verborum lexici turcico-arabico-persici, quod latinâ, germanicâ, aliarumque linguarum adjectâ nomenclatione nuper in lucem editum[2], Vienna, column 1729
  • Meninski, Franciszek à Mesgnien (1680) “سم”, in Thesaurus linguarum orientalium, Turcicae, Arabicae, Persicae, praecipuas earum opes à Turcis peculiariter usurpatas continens, nimirum Lexicon Turkico-Arabico-Persicum[3], Vienna, columns 1665–1666
  • Redhouse, James W. (1890) “سم”, in A Turkish and English Lexicon[4], Constantinople: A. H. Boyajian, page 1075

Pashto

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Pronunciation

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Adjective

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سم (sëm)

  1. right, proper, correct

Declension

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Persian

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Arabic سَمّ (samm).

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? sam(m)
Dari reading? sam(m)
Iranian reading? sam(m)
Tajik reading? sam(m)

Noun

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سم (sam) (plural سموم)

  1. poison

Etymology 2

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From Middle Persian [script needed] (swmb' /⁠sumb⁠/, hoof), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ćapʰás.

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? sum
Dari reading? sum
Iranian reading? som
Tajik reading? sum

Noun

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سم (som)

  1. hoof
Descendants
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  • Khalaj: sum